The main symptoms of varicose veins varicose veins: symptoms, causes, and prevention

The symptoms of varicose veins of the veins can be invisible, but threatening to serious complications, if not to pay attention to. Reduction of the tone of the veins and the function of the venous valves lead to a weakening of the circulation of the blood, stagnation of blood in the blood vessels.

What is varicose veins?

varicose veins

From the school course of anatomy every child is known that in the human body the blood circulates through large and small blood vessels.

Through the arteries the blood is enriched with oxygen to the tissues and organs, veins – from the organ a new portion of the power supply.

On the body of the act, the laws of physics, including the law of universal gravitation. If the tone of the veins is normal, and the valve system functioning properly, preventing the reflux of blood and forcing it to flow upward towards the heart, what about the problems, the speech does not go.

But with age, under the influence of a number of factors, the situation could worsen, the blood stagnates in the blood vessels of the lower limbs, exerts a pressure on the walls of the veins and development of varicose veins.

Signs and symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limb veins

Frequently varicose veins on the legs. Unlike diseases of the blood vessels of the internal organs, the first signs of the disease evident visually and allow you to start therapeutic and preventive.

The pathological processes that occur in the blood vessels of the legs, are expressed as follows:

  • It appears the discomfort and pain in the legs;
  • In the evening, the limbs swell, the waves;
  • Can disturb the itching and burning sensation of the skin in the ankle area;
  • Under the skin it becomes very obvious vascular pattern;
  • With the passage of time, the walls of the veins bulge above the skin surface, appear "nodules", "baggies", which are full of blood

In the absence of treatment and the progression of the disease worsens the power of the feet, the skin changes color, becomes dark, on the surface to form ulcers, inflammation, the individual areas of atrophy.

Stage of varicose veins

  1. The phase in which the severity and discomfort in the legs after a hard day of felts, but visual manifestations damaged;
  2. To the symptoms of phase 0 added to vascular standing figure;
  3. Increase and protrude above the skin of the walls of the veins. Starting from this phase grows, the risk of thrombosis;
  4. The symptoms above are integrated in the regular swelling of the legs in the evening or after a long working session;
  5. Begins to manifest the violation of the venous functions of the blood, the skin darkens to the collection under the pigment is formed, inflammation, ulcers;
  6. Are the white areas on the skin, a little sinking with regard to the general tone of the skin;
  7. On the skin form healing trophic ulcer

Causes of varicose veins of the legs:

  • Wear shoes that are uncomfortable, narrow, high heel;
  • The physical activity;
  • A long stay "standing";
  • Hereditary factor;
  • Far frequent air travel, car trips

Deep varicose veins can become concomitant manifestation of endocrine hormonal disorders as men and women.

Varicose veins pelvic

Women have varicose veins the pelvic and the uterus becomes a consequence of insufficient glandular connective tissue and manifests itself with the following symptoms:

  • Regular pains in the lower belly, in nature, pulling, aching in nature;
  • The pain can "give" to the groin, the groin, the lumbar region of the back;
  • An increase of the symptoms observed after the physical exercise, a longer stay on the feet, sexual contact;
  • Are highly expressed in the symptoms of pms, the painful menstruation;
  • One of the signs may serve, abundant vaginal discharge;
  • It is observed a disturbance of urination

Make a diagnosis and prescribe a treatment can the doctor during the visit.

The risk of development of varicose veins of the veins of the pelvis increases dramatically during pregnancy.

If such a diagnosis the woman should be on a dedicated account, from the time that the disease is a direct contraindication to natural childbirth, and requires experience in the resolution and with caesarean section in women with a similar diagnosis.

Varicose veins of the esophagus and intestines

treatment of varicose veins

This pathology, unlike the previous one, sometimes more common in men. The reasons for its development are:

  • Chronic diseases of the liver;
  • Cardiovascular collapse;
  • Diseases that cause compression of the portal vein

Varicose veins of the esophagus may be asymptomatic. Should pay attention to such events, as:

  1. Tightness in the chest
  2. Difficulties with ingestion of food
  3. Burping, heartburn
  4. Vomiting of blood, the scarlet color indicates internal bleeding

Varicose veins bowel occurs often enough, hemorrhoids – the veins of the rectum, expresses the pain and discomfort.

Signs of hemorrhoids:

  • Itching, burning sensation of the anus;
  • The pain, the discomfort, fake stimulus defecation;
  • Bleeding from the rectum;
  • The loss of nodes, the inflammation, the increase in terms of size

The causes of hemorrhoids become a sedentary job, poor diet, abuse of alcohol, pregnancy, and constipation.

Prevention and treatment of varicose veins of the veins

The main prevention measure – movement. Long standing or sitting, it is necessary to punctuate the active pause, gymnastics, and physical training.

Not to abuse the uncomfortable clothes, tight pants, in violation of blood circulation, and high heeled shoes. Physical exercise, if possible, should be adequate.

After a day of fatigue and tension in the feet will help to remove the hot foot baths, contrast showers.

To prevent hemorrhoids must be balanced to eat, do not abuse the use of alcohol, fat, heavy meals; promptly emptied the bowel, you do not suffer from constipation; to comply with hygiene anus.

Processing assigns the doctor after a visit, and diagnosis, depending on the stage of the disease and the severity of the symptoms.

In general, it aims to improve the tone of blood vessels, is the prescription of medications, wearing compression stockings supports underwear and physiotherapy procedures.

Varicose veins is easier to prevent than to cure. If you have noticed that after a day of work make me legs hurt, they get tired, they swell; if there were unpleasant sensations in the area of the stomach, the esophagus, the intestine – it is worth going for a medical consultation, in order to understand the cause and know what to do after.

21.08.2019