Vein twitches.

Varicose veins is a disease. Due to this disease, the vein wall becomes thinner and the venous cavity enlarges.

Varicose veins on the legs

General description of the disease

Varicose veins is a disease. Due to this disease, the vein wall becomes thinner and the venous cavity enlarges.

When the work of the veins is disturbed, the blood begins to circulate chaotically, enter the superficial vessels and become characteristic "spiders"-twisted veins protruding to the surface.

Nowadays, varicose veins have been defined as a real scourge: studies have shown that 30-40% of men and 10-20% of men over the age of 18 suffer from varicose veins. Varicose veins are often diagnosed in middle-aged and elderly people

Causes of varicose veins

There are many factors that cause varicose veins:

  • Genetics. If both parents’ families have varicose veins, 90% of children will have varicose veins. This is due to a weakened blood vessel wall due to lack of connective tissue.
  • Pregnant. During this period, the working pressure of vital organs increases.
  • Overweight. Due to obesity, lipid metabolism is disturbed, leading to varicose veins
  • Static load. If a person sits or stands often, and his lifestyle involves constant physical exercise, then the risk of varicose veins increases.
  • Incorrect nutrition. Fiber deficiency (insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables) can lead to chronic constipation and nutritional deficiencies, which in turn leads to impaired vein wall integrity.
  • High heel shoes. Affect the work of the gastrocnemius and reduce the activity of the muscle pump.
It should be noted that according to the pathogenesis of varicose veins, it is divided intomaleandfemale.

In men, pathology occurs for the following reasons:

  • Manual labor or professional sports involving weightlifting.
  • Sedentary.
  • Malnutrition
  • Genetic predisposition
  • Bad habits

Usually, in men, varicose veins start after 40 years and involve continued fatigue of the legs, leg pain, swelling, vein "spider", cramps and itching. Men and women are treated the same.

Symptoms of varicose veins

The manifestations of varicose veins are very individual, depending on the complexity of the pathology and the characteristics of the patient.

The main symptoms are:

  • There is a vein mode
  • leg swelling and fatigue
  • Feeling pain and heavy legs
  • Repeated twitching
  • Visual manifestations of veins and burns.
  • Dry skin, pigmentation
  • Nutrition Disorders

Symptoms can be seen as early as adolescence. If any of the above signs is confirmed, seek medical attention immediately.

Vein twitch

How to diagnose varicose veins?

The phlebologist conducts the following research to make an accurate diagnosis:

  • Recalls are used to determine risk factors and causes.
  • The doctor visually inspects the patient and palpates the vein.
  • is undergoing laboratory testing.
  • Color duplex ultrasound examination of arteries to visualize blood vessels and study blood flow status.
  • X-rays of blood vessels (venography) are used to determine the appearance of veins and valves.

Usually, the above research methods are sufficient to make a diagnosis.

Classification of varicose veins

According to CEAP or Clinicl Etiology Antomy Pthology classifier, several degrees of varicose veins can be distinguished:

  • is empty. The patient had some mild discomfort, but visual and medical examination did not show the presence of varicose veins.
  • The first. The network of blood vessels begins to protrude on the surface, periodically making a "humming" in the legs.
  • The second. The beginning of the real varicose veins. From the outside, the blood vessels are clearly visible, and there are "spiders" in the veins, which aggravate after sitting for a long time and wearing high heels.
  • The third. The leg swells regularly and causes strain (pain).
  • The fourth. The color of the skin changes (darkens). A small local inflammation is established.
  • The fifth. The number of nutritional disorders is increasing.
  • The sixth. A large number of severe ulcers appear

Complications of varicose veins

Varicose veins have extremely adverse effects on patients. Initially, it hardly manifests itself in any way, but if left untreated, pathology can lead to serious consequences and affect organ function.

Due to the disorder in the blood vessels and venous stasis, the oxygen entering the tissues is reduced, resulting in hypoxia and hypoxia. The pressure in the arteries increases, causing the blood vessels to dilate. Toxins accumulate more, leading to inflammation and pathological conditions of the skin-cellulite

The biggest danger is the complications caused by varicose veins:

  • Continuous swelling of lower limbs
  • Static pain
  • Increased frequency of muscle cramps
  • skin rash
  • Venous thrombosis.
  • Pigmentation
  • Thrombophlebitis

If varicose veins are not treated, patients will have extremely serious complications and reduce their quality of life.Doctor checking leg

Treatment of varicose veins

If you go to the intravenous physician immediately, the pathology will be completely eliminated. In other cases, experts will use conservative or surgical treatment, sclerotherapy.

Conservative treatment of varicose veins

Conservative treatment includes exercise, physical therapy exercise, wearing special underwear (compression) and elastic bandage, and treatment with bloodletting therapy. But conservative methods cannot completely restore the dilated veins. It is used as a preventive agent when the patient is about to undergo surgery or cannot undergo surgery.

Surgical treatment

This operation will be performed when the vein is severely affected and the following complications are diagnosed:

  • Thrombophlebitis
  • Severe varicose veins
  • Increased swelling and fatigue.
  • Other pathological diseases

There are several types of surgical treatment:

  • Radio frequency destroys blood vessels. The vein structure is restored from the inside.
  • Intravenous pulse occlusion. The blood vessels are affected by the steam flow, allowing them to penetrate any part of the vein.
  • Venous laser coagulation. Use a special laser for treatment.
  • Vensel technology. The valves of the container are glued together with biological glue.
  • Varadi's way. The blood vessels were removed, showing a 100% therapeutic effect.

In particular, radial vein laser occlusion has been very effective in treatment. The process takes about 60 minutes and can reduce the risk of nerve damage. Should only wear special underwear (compression) within a week, you can almost immediately return to a normal lifestyle. All stages of the process (from diagnosis to intraoperative navigation) are performed using ultrasound scanning, which shows high efficiency.

Sclerotherapy

For sclerotherapy, special drugs are used to "glue" the vein from the inside. The procedure is invasive and the solution is injected intravenously. The injected substance is gradually absorbed and discharged from the body. If the specific state of the blood vessel of sclerotherapy is established.

Home treatment of varicose veins

Only a phlebologist can prescribe the correct treatment method, but besides medication, other methods are often used.

Many patients prepare ointments and infusions:

  • Cut ripe tomatoes into thin slices and place them along the veins for several hours.
  • Mix iodine and ammonia, and scrub your feet with the resulting liquid.
  • Butter and garlic are mixed together. Apply the mixture to the legs and cover with an elastic bandage.
  • Buckeye infused with vodka (2 weeks). X can be used both internally (a few drops) or externally.
  • Chop the potatoes (raw), place them on the legs, and wrap them with a bandage. It must be deleted within a few hours.
  • Hot bath with a box of baking soda (lasting 15-20 minutes, no more than 2 times a week)

Honey and cabbage leaves protect you from discomfort. The resulting product is covered with polyethylene and must be bandaged. Wash off after a few hours. To relieve pain, rub your feet with apple cider vinegar. Shows excellent results compared to bath-spa. Ice cubes are used to reduce puffiness.

Yoga and special exercises can be helpful in the following situations:

  • Sit on the floor and stretch his legs. The leg is bent at the knee and the second leg must be raised. Repeat 9 times.
  • Stand up with your legs apart. Squat down to knee level and extend your arms forward. Repeat 9 times.
  • Stand near the support with your legs apart. Squat down and lift your heels off the floor. Repeat 15 times.
  • stood up, raised his toes several times and lowered his heels. Repeat 15 times.

It is worth noting that proper nutrition is required. Eat as many foods containing vitamin C as possible, you need to drink about 2 liters of water every day. Sugar, sweets, strong tea and coffee, spicy and hot spices. The most useful are vegetables (cabbage, tomatoes, bell peppers), fruits (apricots, apples, citrus fruits, peaches, cherries, cherries).

Many of the above folk therapies can enhance blood vessel tension, optimize oxygen metabolism, restore venous valve function, eliminate edema and reduce inflammation. These products are made of natural substances and are easy to prepare.

The herbal treatment of varicose veins is not suitable for every patient. In the presence of high blood pressure and low blood pressure, it is not always possible to predict the effect of pregnant women.

Don't just rely on folk remedies! It needs the full supervision of the attending physician, who will prescribe a truly effective treatment.The doctor examines the patient

Convalescence period

If the patient has been sent for surgery, a rehabilitation plan is required during the recovery period. The patient rests in bed for several hours, during which special exercise is performed. Shows wearing underwear (compression); requires massage, special venotonic drugs. The use of alcohol is contraindicated, and therapeutic exercises are assumed to be appropriate.

Prevention of varicose veins

To reduce the chance of varicose veins, please consider the following tips:

  • Maintain an active lifestyle (and do static work), try to exercise, rest and exercise.
  • Do not cross your legs when sitting.
  • Don't wear tight clothes.
  • Avoid wearing high heels or wearing shoes rarely.
  • Choose cycling and swimming as your sports activities.
  • Include healthy food in your diet.
  • Weight control
  • Eliminate bad habits.
  • Drink a lot of liquids

If you use these simple techniques, you can not only reduce the possibility of complications, but also prevent pathology. Basic rule: Varicose veins are easier to prevent than prevention! If your symptoms indicate varicose veins, please contact a phlebologist for consultation.