Varicose veins is a chronic disease of the great saphenous vein. In this disease, varicose veins will malfunction. The result is-stagnant blood flow in the blood vessels, swelling and other consequent consequences.
Varicose veins occur in the small pelvis, esophagus, stomach, and male testicles (varicocele), but in most cases, the disease affects the legs because they are the most stressed.
Despite gravity, the movement of blood through the veins of the lower limbs occurs from bottom to top. Its reflux-backflow-is blocked by venous valves. Due to valve insufficiency, blood accumulates in the blood vessels and presses on the walls, causing the blood vessels to stretch.
Moreover, in the context of this process, inflammation can also occur. All of these are accompanied by the symptoms of varicose veins:
- Characteristic tortuous and nodular thickening of blood vessels in the legs.
- Severe pain and burning, especially when tired.
- Fast fatigue, heavy legs.
- The veins of the lower limbs are dark blue and reddish, which can be clearly seen in the photo.
- Obtain brown shiny pigmentation in the ankle and calf area.
- Periodic twitches.
Any disease can be better treated early, so it is important to understand how varicose veins start.
The symptoms of the first stage of the disease are listed in ascending order:
- Leg swelling at night.
- After sitting or standing on the calf for a long time, there will be a feeling of fullness and heaviness, which disappears after a rest or a walk.
- The calf has cramps at night, and one or both legs become numb.
- Under the knee at the back of the calf, the great hidden saphenous vein and spider vein appear.
In most cases, varicose veins appear in people between 30 and 40 years old, although this also occurs in school children. According to various sources, one in ten men and one third of women suffer from this disease.
Causes of disease development
- Genetic susceptibility: valve defects, missing.
- Increased venous pressure:
- Heavy objects on the legs, weight lifting (for example, professional sports);
- Standing work or long static standing posture;
- Pregnant, hormonal imbalance.
- Age-related changes.
- A sedentary lifestyle (for example, sedentary work).
- rheological angiography;
- Ultrasound examination of lower limbs;
The last factor plays an important role, because not only the heart contracts, but the contractions of the leg muscles also help blood flow through the veins.
If no measures are taken, varicose veins will be complicated by eczema, thrombophlebitis, trophic ulcers (long-term non-healing wounds) or rupture of varicose veins.
How to treat varicose veins in the legs?
In addition to visual inspection, you can also identify and evaluate varicose veins:
The treatment of varicose veins is determined by the phlebologist, depending on the stage of the disease, the age, health and condition of the patient. In general, the choice is conservative treatment or surgical treatment.
In the absence of acute manifestations, patients proved to need medication for varicose veins, diet and nutrition, exercise, use of elastic bandages and special knitwear to compress leg veins. Treatment methods and specific drugs are prescribed by a doctor.
Anticoagulant ointment is usually used in the early stages. In tablets, venotonic drugs-phlebotonics are usually used.
The patient may be shown physical therapy to improve blood flow, for example, lung massage. Pseudotherapy is believed to be effective for the treatment of varicose veins, because water sucking blood secretes an enzyme that thins the blood.
All conservative traditional therapies aim to maintain the tension of the veins and improve the patient's condition, but they cannot cure varicose veins. With the help of surgery, the affected superficial blood vessels and the tumors (if any) that press on them can be removed. However, this fundamental solution is full of complexity and a long recovery period.
Today, the most advanced method is:
- Burn the vein with a laser.
- Sclerotherapy (using a special medical foam to remove the affected vein from the blood).
Since the disease usually occurs during pregnancy, it is important that the mother-to-be visit a phlebologist regularly, especially if there are complaints.
Home treatment and folk remedies for varicose veins
You can also use alternative therapies to improve the condition of leg veins and relieve the symptoms of varicose veins. There are many ways to do it.
Horse chestnut is the best medicine for varicose veins. Pour 0. 5 grams of flowers into 50 grams. l. Alcohol or vodka. Let it stand for two weeks, then filter and drink one tablespoon three times before meals a day. To avoid burning your throat, use a water drink. After a week, please rest for 14 days before taking another course.
You can smear psyllid leaves on the affected veins and sprinkle them with broken leaves of cattle, cabbage or plantain. Apply these compresses four times a day for 30 minutes. Each. The course lasts for two weeks with two weeks of rest.
Pour dry hop cones with a glass of boiling water for 15 minutes. You need to take the infusion completely within 30 minutes. Before eating, and so on, until the result is obtained. The same treatment can be used as leg care to heal the legs.
Nettle is no less than long-term treatment. It should be brewed with boiling water, and after a little persistence, drink a quarter cup a day.
For varicose veins at home at night, use a compress made of natural oil and garlic and crush it with a nutshell.
Taming varicose veins is not easy. It is necessary to supplement the diet when treating with folk remedies, and limit animal fat in the diet. Vegetables, fruits, especially berries are appropriate (the dietary recommendations for thrombophlebitis are the same).
Prevent and exercise varicose veins
If you are prone to this disease, please follow the guidelines below to help slow down its progress:
- Do not stand or sit in one place for a long time-move, warm up, change your body posture more frequently.
- Don't take a hot shower, especially in the morning-it's best to use cold water after the shower instead.
- Wear comfortable flat or low heel shoes.
- Leggings or medical clothes can be worn when exercising, but you must consult a doctor first.
- Stop smoking, as this will worsen the blood vessel condition.
The main way to prevent varicose veins is moderate-intensity physical activities: swimming, walking, cycling, exercise. We recommend that you remember to warm up, which will help keep your leg veins healthy.
- Stand upright with your hands on your hips, slowly raise your toes and lower your feet 20 times, then repeat the same steps, only with the heels together and the toes facing the opposite direction. After-put on socks.
- Stand with your feet together, extend your arms when you inhale, and return to the starting position when you exhale. Repeat several times, and then perform the same operation, first using one leg and then using the other leg to swallow the exhalation.
- Lie on your back, with your legs bent and knees bent, sitting on a chair, bending and straightening your feet alternately.
- Practicing "biking" exercise-very effective against varicose veins.
- Raise your legs, then stand in the "birch" and carefully make scissors.
- Lie down and alternately pull your legs to your chest without holding your breath.
- Lie on your side, bend your lower leg, bend your thigh upwards 20 times, then hold your thigh upwards and lift your lower leg. Do the same thing on the other side.