In order to perform laser treatment on varicose veins, it is enough to refer to a phlebologist. There is no need for hospitalization and long-term preparation of patients, so laser treatment of varicose veins is performed on the basis of outpatients.
Exposure occurs regardless of the diameter of the diseased vein. It can be a small blood vessel network or a large nodular tissue. The next day, the patient can fully return to normal life, but the restrictions are very small.
Before surgery, examine the affected area and use ultrasound to clearly define its boundaries. In this case, it is extremely important to determine the existence of the tributary confluence.
The working principle of the intrauterine (or intravascular) laser is to selectively absorb oxygenated hemoglobin and hemoglobin. The patient is in a horizontal position. The surgeon first treats the puncture site, performs a microscopic puncture on its size, and then inserts a catheter into the lumen of the diseased vein, which is a flexible tube with a light guide. With the help of the heat emitted, welding and welding of the container wall are carried out. As a result, blood stops flowing through the veins, shuts off from the systemic circulation, and then becomes a humble fiber cord.
After removing the catheter, apply a small amount of sterile dressing to the puncture site. After the intervention, patients are advised to wear special underwear for varicose veins, which will generate the necessary pressure.
Advantages of the method
- Laser therapy is very effective and can provide real results.
- The repair will take several hours.
- The operation does not exceed one hour.
- During the operation, the skin, tissues and other blood vessels will not be disturbed at all.
- The aesthetic advantage is that there is no trace left at the catheter insertion site.
- This technique is suitable for people with a low pain threshold because it is actually painless.
- can treat multiple blood vessels and different limbs in one course.
- may have combined effects, such as the use of sclerotherapy.
- As in the case of general anesthesia, the use of local anesthesia ensures the minimum number of intolerant negative patients.
In order to determine the necessity and possibility of this operation, an ultrasound examination and double-sided scanning must first be performed.
People who need this treatment
Currently, there are many ways to completely get rid of varicose veins. This is sclerotherapy, venectomy, radiofrequency exposure.
Laser removal of varicose veins in the following cases:
- The vein has been enlarged to 10 mm;
- identified a few tributaries affected by the disease;
- The direction of the vein is smooth, without bending. If there is a bend, two LEDs with catheters can be used for laser treatment. Severe vein tortuosity is a complete contraindication for surgery;
- In the case of complications such as trophic ulcers in the affected area, surgery cannot be performed.
Many experts suggest that laser treatment is a modern alternative to mature surgery. Moreover, performing such non-invasive surgery with modern equipment and sufficient doctor qualifications allows us to say that it is highly safe for patients.
For severe and frequent pathologies, it is sometimes necessary to undergo several treatments. How much dose each patient needs is determined only by the doctor, depending on the duration of the disease and the degree of neglect. The important factor in solving this problem is a person's age and general condition. Sometimes, after the intervention, the skin may show a slight redness and swelling, which passes very quickly and does not require additional exposure.
After the operation, the patient should walk slowly, but not less than 40 minutes. After that, he must wear compression stockings and continue wearing them for about five days.
After the first few days, it is recommended not to sunbathe, exercise or take a hot bath.
Despite its safety, there are still certain contraindications to laser treatment:
- Pregnancy and breastfeeding.
- Used to treat glucocorticoids and drugs to promote photosensitivity.
- expresses the purulent process.
- Severe chronic disease, accompanied by kidney, liver and lung dysfunction.
- Any form of diabetes.