Varicose veins are a disease that almost every woman faces at some stage of life. In the early stages, the disease may be asymptomatic. In this article, we will consider how to identify the first signs of varicose veins in women's legs and prevent their further development.
Varicose veins are diseases related to saphenous vein expansion. In this case, the outflow of blood is disturbed, resulting in stagnation. The cause of the pathological development may be uncomfortable shoes, lack of exercise, overweight, pregnancy or genetic predisposition. In most cases, pathology affects the lower limbs, small pelvis, venous dilation of the uterus and esophagus.
As you know, the heart muscle maintains complete blood circulation in the body. The natural pump is assisted by gravity. Therefore, the blood transports nutrients to the limbs.
Special valves in the veins help push the blood back into place. Their function supports regular muscle contraction and relaxation. If this process is interrupted and the valve flap cannot be opened or closed on time, blood stagnation will occur.
This puts too much pressure on the veins, causing them to stretch and weaken. Then, the edges of the blood vessels began to appear as blue nodes under the skin, indicating the presence of varicose veins.
Causes of diseases
Venous stasis is caused by many factors. Therefore, one of the reasons for the formation of varicose veins in women:
- Sitting or standing for a long time;
- Wearing high heels, tight stockings and tight clothing;
- Flat feet;
- Hormonal imbalance;
- Drink alcohol frequently;
- Genetic susceptibility;
- Acquired or congenital connective tissue weakness.
- Gender-fairer sex than men are more susceptible to varicose veins.
Important!Women whose mothers or grandmothers have varicose veins belong to the special risk group. The probability of pathology in this case is 70%.
Carefully avoiding factors that cause venous blood stagnation will help overcome this tendency.
How does it show up
Many people pay attention to varicose veins only after a network of blood vessels has formed on the surface of the skin. However, if you recognize varicose veins at an early stage, this will help prevent the disease even before its visual manifestation.
Therefore, in the pathological symptoms:
- Burning sensation and heaviness in the legs;
- Swollen limbs;
- Night cramps;
- dull pain in the leg, which worsens at the end of the working day;
- The appearance of the vein on the skin, which may be palpated;
- Uneven skin pigmentation.
Important!If the disease worsens and is accompanied by deterioration of overall health, weakness and fever, you should consult a specialist immediately.
The doctor divides varicose veins into six stages. They differ in the severity and nature of the disease process.
Therefore, there are:
- Stage 0-The patient has experienced the inherent discomfort of varicose veins (cramps, swelling, leg pain), but the disease has not yet been visually manifested and cannot be carried out through medical researchtrack.
- The first stage-The above symptoms are accompanied by the formation of a blood vessel network on the skin surface.
- Stage Two-"real" varicose veins. The veins are clearly visible on the surface of the skin and can be touched after a tiring day.
- Stage 3-Pain is supplemented by persistent edema at night.
- Fourth stage-The manifestation of nutritional changes in the tissue (uneven pigmentation-erythema on the skin).
- The fifth stage-The formation of trophic ulcers. Suitable for treatment.
- The sixth stage-Active trophic ulcer (open wound bleeding). Persistent tissue malnutrition.
Without proper treatment, varicose veins may enter an acute phase.
- Rupture of varicose veins with bleeding;
- Venous thrombosis-thrombosis completely or partially obstructs the vein;
- Thrombophlebitis-a blood clot enters the pulmonary artery. Cause death without medical treatment;
- Nutritional ulcer-soft tissue damage and threat of gangrene.
The choice of strategies to combat the disease depends on the stage of varicose veins, the patient's overall condition and personal characteristics. In order to detect the pathology, a diagnosis was made and a phlebologist was hired.
Use of disease detection:
- Tourniquet test-can assess the degree of vein filling during exercise;
- Doppler ultrasound-Venous cavity ultrasound examination;
- Angiography-the use of X-rays to study the venous cavity.
Diagnostic procedures enable you to develop effective treatment strategies, which can help avoid irreversible changes in the vessel wall.
Ignoring the symptoms of varicose veins can lead to thrombophlebitis, thromboembolism and other life-threatening pathologies. At the same time, treatment in the early stages of the disease can achieve good results, so that you can maintain the patient's quality of life.
Treatment options for varicose veins:
- Traditional medicine.
Conservative therapy is used in the early stages of pathological development. It implies the complex use of such drugs:
- Intravenous fluids-Restore blood vessel tension, relieve swelling and soreness;
- Blood thinner-Improve blood circulation and prevent blood clots;
- Anti-inflammatory-Eliminate inflammation, pain and swelling;
- Gel-has nourishing and anti-inflammatory effects.
The above drugs are only allowed to be used under medical supervision. The medicine can be taken orally or injected. External creams and ointments can be used as a supplement.
Generally, success in fighting disease helps to achieve:
- Hydrotherapy-The change of water temperature leading to the affected area increases the elasticity and firmness of the vein.
- Sclerotherapy-Use sclerosing agent to adhere the veins to remove the blood vessels from the circulation, causing the blood vessels to disappear completely. The procedure is performed using a special needle instead of a scalpel and does not require the patient to be hospitalized.
- Compression stockings or tights, Adjust blood vessels. They help prevent and stop varicose veins early.
To relieve varicose veins, you can also use elastic bandages, which can be used in the early stages of the disease as well as in advanced cases. It exerts uniform pressure on the tissues to maintain blood circulation and vascular tension. Bandaged legs will reduce discomfort and relieve swelling and heaviness in limbs.
One way of leggings:
- Bend the limbs of the knee;
- Fingertip bandage;
- Cover the heel with three circles;
- Move to the calf and ankle;
- Stop bandaging 10 cm before veins damaged by varicose veins;
- Tie the end with a tie;
Important!Within 15 minutes, track your feelings-the bandage should not be too hard, and the toes should not become shallow or blue.
In order to avoid errors in the first stage of bandaging, it is necessary to do it with the help of experts.
Surgery is a more thorough treatment method, used when other methods fail. It is suitable for patients suffering from persistent circulatory system diseases, tissue nutrition, venous stenosis, ulcers and bleeding.
The most effective way to combat varicose veins:
- Peeling-The affected area is removed by introducing a thin probe into the vessel lumen. Advantages-painless, fast recovery, good cosmetic effect, low recurrence rate;
- Cerebellarectomy-Removal of veins by puncture. It is performed under general or spinal anesthesia. It leaves scars on the skin, but shows high efficiency and retains the patient’s ability to work;
- TIPP (Intracaval Vein Extraction)is an innovative method in which a probe with an illumination source is passed along the vein of the affected area. Allows you to accurately see the affected area. Intravenous anesthesia is performed under local anesthesia, which minimizes the patient's surgical pain;
- Ligation-Ligate the vein with surgical thread. Serve as a complement to the previous method. It is contraindicated in patients with open bleeding and cardiovascular diseases.
Usually, folk remedies are used in the early stages of disease development. They can reduce the severity of external symptoms and help eliminate puffiness and pain.
Important!It should be remembered that self-treatment of varicose veins with folk remedies can harm the body. Before using them, you must consult an expert.
Self-prepared products can be used as an aid to the main treatment method.
- Horse chestnut tincture.Peel the chestnuts (300g). In a glass container, pour alcohol (200 ml). Stay in the dark for two weeks. After the main meal, take 30 drops orally 3 times a day. Can be used externally to enhance blood circulation. The course of treatment is one month. Using this tincture will make the blood thinner and increase the tone of blood vessel walls.
- Oak bark soup.Pour boiling water on oak bark (1 tablespoon) (1 cup). Heat the mixture for 20 minutes. Hold on for 1 hour. Consume 3 tablespoons and 1 tablespoon every day. l. Before eating.
- Apple cider vinegar.Dip cheesecloth in natural cider vinegar (pure or diluted) and apply it to the varicose veins with cellophane and towel. During this process, you should step on your feet. The session duration is half an hour. The course is 1-2 months. Daily use of compresses will help eliminate edema, give blood vessels elasticity, and strengthen blood vessel walls.
- The compress of celandine juice.Moisten the bandage with celandine juice and apply it to the manifestation of the disease. Keep it for 4 hours. The course of treatment is 7 days. After a short break, you can repeat the process. Using this dressing will help restore the microcirculation of the tissues and improve the blood flow from the affected area.
- Foot bath.Take 200 grams of chamomile and fill it with water (3 liters). Boil the mixture for 10 minutes. When the broth has cooled to room temperature, pour it into a basin and lower your legs. The duration of this process is 20-30 minutes. Such a bathtub can perfectly deal with pain and cramps.
The combined use of these funds will help alleviate the progression of the disease, reduce pain, heaviness and external manifestations.
Massage can be used as an alternative treatment. In this case, the movements of the hands should be light and no pressure, and the direction should be from the feet to the hips. You can also turn to pneumatic massage or hydromassage, which are performed in specialized centers. Such procedures can enhance and improve blood flow.
Important!Massage can be used at the beginning of the disease or as a preventive method. Varicose veins are obvious, so use it is strictly prohibited!
The following exercises are suitable for women with varicose veins:
- Easy to run;
- Medical gymnastics;
- Aerobic exercise (no jumping);
- Ride a bicycle.
The choice of the nature of physical activity depends on the stage of the disease and the severity of the course. The presence of blood clots is a contraindication to active exercise. In addition, people with varicose veins should avoid strength training and excessive training.
A simple exercise will help reduce the course of the disease and even eliminate it completely:
- Ride an imaginary bicycle: lying on your back with your knees bent. Lift your body and turn the "pedal". Duration-2 minutes.
- Sitting on the floor. Put your hands behind your back. Lay your left foot flat and place your right foot on the floor with your knees bent. Repeat 5 times, twice on both legs.
- Lie on your back and lift your body. Bend your knee, pull it to your chin, and then straighten it. 20 times
Moderate physical exercise will help improve tissue nutrition and prevent the further development of varicose veins.
The prevention of varicose veins should be started without waiting for the manifestation of the disease.
Following the following rules will help prevent pathological development:
- Adjust your diet-including vegetables and fruits, and reduce salt, sugar and fat content.
- Take a contrast shower.
- Avoid static work.
- Maintain physical exercise.
- Avoid weight gain.
- Avoid dehydration.
- Avoid squeezing shoes and tight clothing. Wear loose style shoes, mid-heeled shoes-no more than 4 cm.
- Massage and foot bath.
Varicose veins are not a woman's sentence, but a way for the body to attract one's attention. The best weapon against disease is timely diagnosis and a healthy lifestyle.