Varicose veins: photos, stages and classification

According to statistics, approximately 83% of the population is facing diseases such as varicose veins of the lower extremities. Therefore, it is important to know the initial condition of varicose veins. In this way, diseases can be detected in time and possible complications can be prevented.

Types of varicose veins

Venous disease, along with its expansion, tortuosity and damage to valve devices, may affect various organs of the body. Therefore, this pathological classification is based on its location.

According to the tenth edition of the "International Classification of Diseases", the following types of diseases can be distinguished:

  • Varicose veins in the circulatory system.
  • Enlarge the veins of the digestive tract.
  • Many pathological clots gathered in one place.
  • Varicose veins in the lymph nodes and blood vessels, which are not systematized in other parts.
  • Varicose veins of the lower extremities.

The use of ICD 10 in medical practice enables phlebologists to make the correct diagnosis and identification of varicose veins.

Conversely, according to the course of the disease, varicose veins of the lower limbs can be divided into the following diseases:

  • Ulcerative lesions.
  • Progressive inflammatory process.
  • Ulcers and inflammation.
  • Leg lesions, the cause is unknown or not clearly located.
  • Varicose veins on the legs or other parts can damage the skin.
  • There is no vein deformation due to ulcers, suppuration or inflammatory processes.

Considering the main location of pathological changes, varicose veins are distinguished:

  • Superficial veins.
  • Deep veins.
  • Mesh.

The broad classification of varicose veins is attributed to the cause and multiple courses of the disease. When distinguishing pathology, modern venous biologists not only use ICD-10, but also use forms to classify diseases.

In medical practice, varicose veins have the following forms:

  • Subcutaneous and intradermal vascular local lesions without reflux.
  • Segmental disease, with reverse blood flow from all veins.
  • Extensive disease, pathological causes along the saphenous vein and puncture muscle.
  • Extensive venous involvement with abnormal drainage of deep veins.

There may be several types of vein deformation and blood flow dysfunction. Based on the results of the comprehensive examination, only a phlebologist can correctly diagnose and determine the type of varicose vein expansion.

Varicose veins

According to the progression of the disease, varicose veins have four stages of development. Each of them has certain symptoms.

  • In the first stage, the leg feels heaviness and pain. Visible spider veins, nodular veins and swelling. It may be an involuntary cramp of the calf muscles and a burning sensation in the foot area. It is characterized by no stagnation in the blood.
  • Second grade varicose veins are accompanied by hypoxia in the venous system. It is characterized by a rapid increase in the size and number of vascular nodes and asterisks. Such lesions have clearly defined boundaries, which contribute to their more vivid performance. They can be divided into a small lesion area beyond this area. This can increase pain and swelling of the soft tissues.
  • With tertiary varicose veins, trophic lesions on the inner surface of the legs are formed. It is characterized by the appearance of brown areas on the skin. As the disease progresses, the skin will be covered with dry crusts and cracks. In their context, the development of dermatitis is possible. The presence of megaedema becomes dangerous. Feel great fatigue and pain.
  • The fourth degree is a complication of the disease. They can manifest themselves in the form of the development of the inflammatory process, namely trophic ulcers on the walls of veins. The mechanical seal may bleed. This degree is very dangerous, it may develop into venous insufficiency, and then may develop a chronic form.

In the third and fourth stages, the patient begins to experience severe pain of different nature in the muscle and vein trunk. In rare cases, a ruptured lymph node may occur with slight blood loss. Usually, this symptom appears at night. If hyperthermia and weakness increase in varicose veins, then this directly indicates the emergence of complications of the disease.

Varicose veins are not a dangerous disease that cannot be treated. However, it is worth noting that this pathology will not disappear on its own, but will develop rapidly. The identification of first-degree varicose veins significantly increases the time to rapid and successful recovery. The fourth-level varicose veins launched are dangerous to the human body and human life.

Stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities

Varicose veins are characterized by several stages of pathology. Each factor determines the prevalence of the disease and has certain characteristics. There are many classifications of varicose vein stages, each with its own symptoms and treatment methods.

The most important thing is that in professional practice, modern phlebologists classify varicose veins according to the degree of blood flow changes in human blood vessels. Saveliev is the founder of dividing varicose veins into multiple stages.

According to his conclusion, the disease is divided into the following stages:

  • Compensatory. It is characterized by cosmetic problems. There were no symptoms of thrombosis, but when the patient was examined, early signs of varicose veins in the legs were found. According to the pathological causes, varicose veins without proper treatment throughout the year can develop into secondary varicose veins.
  • Compensation. The blood vessels are easily deformed and are clearly visible on the surface of the legs. Varicose veins in the compensatory phase are accompanied by pain and swelling of the lower limbs. There is a feeling of heaviness, fullness, and skin sensitivity. Leg swelling increases at night and disappears in the morning.
  • Decompensation. The pathologist’s visual symptoms increased significantly. The venous network and knots become larger not only in area but also in volume. There is a strong itching sensation. The skin surface becomes dark, dry, and shiny. At this stage, a small amount of bleeding occurs, which causes the deposition of hemosiderin, which leads to skin pigmentation in the affected area.

The initial stage of varicose veins is carried out differently in each organism. The intensity of the symptoms and the duration of this period are individual and depend on many factors. Therefore, if there are signs of pathology, you should seek qualified medical help immediately. Timely treatment will prevent varicose veins from progressing to more serious stages.

Early stage of varicose veins in the legs: pathological treatment

For varicose veins, the effectiveness of the treatment process directly depends on the timely manifestations of the pathology. In the early stages of disease development, qualified medical services can allow you to fully restore the integrity of blood vessel walls and the function of damaged veins.

The treatment of early varicose veins is complicated, including:

  • Complex application of veoniconics. In order to produce complex effects on the veins, oral tablets are required. Detralex and Vasoket are very popular among them. Moreover, the use of topical preparations in the form of ointments and gels has a high therapeutic effect. In the initial stage of the disease, heparin ointment can quickly and effectively relieve symptoms.
  • Sclerotherapy. Taking into account the clinical manifestations of the disease, hematology is performed: micro sclerotherapy, echo sclerotherapy or foam form sclerotherapy. Minimally invasive techniques include the introduction of special drugs and sclerosing agents into the veins with fine needles. After the operation, special compression stockings must be worn. The effectiveness of sclerotherapy explains its application in the compensation phase of varicose veins of the lower extremities.
  • Ozone therapy. Refers to physiotherapy treatment, which is one of the components of the initial comprehensive treatment of varicose veins on the legs. Such procedures increase the oxygen supply to the cells and stimulate blood circulation through the veins. As a result, the affected blood vessel walls stick together.

Each method of treating varicose veins requires mandatory medical prescription and supervision. Self-treatment of varicose veins is strictly prohibited.

It is difficult to self-diagnose early varicose veins of the lower extremities. The visual information on the Internet promotes people's visual familiarity with pathological features.

Usually, varicose veins look like varicose veins, which can cause cosmetic inconvenience, leading to leg pain, night cramps, and nutritional changes in the calf area. The expansion of veins is different-from small spider veins and small nodules to large convoluted torso, the prominent clusters are clearly visible in the upright position.

In 75%-80% of cases, the trunk or branches of the great saphenous vein are affected. Small veins are easier-their lesions are only observed in 5-10% of cases. When palpated, the vein appears to be elastic and easily compressed, and the temperature above the affected area is slightly higher than all other areas of the epidermis. This is due to the release of arterial blood and blood from deep veins through communicating vessels to the varicose veins on the surface. In the horizontal position, the tension from the vein decreases and the size of the affected nodule decreases. In some cases, a small defect may be felt at the junction of the perforated vein and the superficial vein. The longer the disease progresses, the more uncomfortable symptoms will be felt. Rapid fatigue, heaviness in the lower limbs, abnormal paresthesia, swelling of the legs and feet. The latter usually appears in the late afternoon and disappears in the morning after a break.

What do varicose veins on the legs look like-photos and signs

When women start to find even smaller vascular networks on the skin surface of the lower limbs, she wants to know what varicose veins on the legs look like. This disease is recessive because it cannot manifest itself for a long time.

Disease description

Varicose veins of the lower extremities are congestion of the circulatory system, leading to varicose veins. In 80% of cases, the disease happens to occur on the legs, because walking and continuous physical exercise will bring the greatest burden to the legs.

What is varicose veins

Each vein in the leg has a specific valve that is responsible for proper blood flow. This helps to avoid blood stagnation and circulatory system malfunction. The disease occurs when blood flow is disturbed, and the blood not only starts to flow upwards but also starts to flow downwards. This is due to a malfunction of the venous valve. The ship loses its original elasticity and deforms. This is the beginning of varicose veins.

Varicose veins can appear on any part of the legs: thighs, under the knees, calves, feet. Varicose veins on the legs appear as blue stars and small red or blue patterns.

Vascular surgeons warned that the dangerous areas for varicose veins are the thighs and lower legs. Women should pay attention to the condition of the legs and pay attention to the changes in time.

On the thighs, the disease appears as large lines resembling a river. In the photo of varicose veins on the legs, notice the vascular network, asterisks. On the calf, the pathological structure is similar to the position on the thigh, but only in the initial stage. When the disease is ignored, a large bruise appears on the calf, resembling a blue and red rash.

The hardest thing to notice is below the knee. Small blue veins appear and red grids may appear. Varicose veins on the feet are the most dangerous part of all parts. This part is more susceptible to the negative influence of external factors and body pressure.

The first signs (small red webs, spider webs, blue dots) that appear in photos of varicose veins on the legs, you need to buy elastic stockings and consult a vascular surgeon.

Degree of damage

Classify diseases based on the degree of damage to the blood vessels and veins of the legs. Modern doctors use international classifications for diagnosis. She identified 7 main degrees of varicose veins in the legs:

The extent of varicose vein damage
  1. Zero, difficult to diagnose. Unable to independently determine, notice the signs of the disease. Many women attribute it to ordinary leg fatigue. The legs are heavy, "buzzing", swelling, and very few cramps (especially at night). If tested, it may produce false negative results;
  2. The first grade looks like small nets and stars on the legs in the photo. The patient also felt all the accompanying signs from zero. They appear in the late afternoon or rarely during the day.
  3. 2 degrees-more obvious in terms of symptoms, a person can independently recognize the disease. Blue and red lines appeared on the surface of the legs, with asterisks and grids showing a raised appearance. The patient began to notice the enlarged veins. After the extremities are active, the pathological signs become more obvious; the higher the degree of leg disease, the greater the possibility of complications in the cardiovascular system. Varicose veins is a disease of the entire circulatory system, so it is accompanied by heart disease and abnormal hematopoietic process.

Type of disease

Certain blood vessels can be damaged by varicose veins. According to which fault, doctors can distinguish several pathological types:

In order to understand the appearance of this disease, it is necessary to consider each type of varicose vein on the leg separately:

  • The name of the mesh mesh comes from the mesh vein, which does not exceed 2 mm in diameter. This type of photo will appear in the photo in the form of small nets, thin lines, and stars on the legs. They are located near the surface of the dermis, so they are clearly visible. Women pay more attention to this performance on the outer surface of the thigh. There is no danger from reticular varicose veins. This type of disease does not cause discomfort to the patient (except aesthetics), nor does it cause serious complications.
  • Trunk view-The trunk of the small or large saphenous vein is affected, causing the catheter vein to dilate. The name also comes from the fault of a specific vein-the trunk. If the large blood vessels are damaged, the image of varicose veins on the legs will look like this: large bumps, such as rivers, curves. If the venule fails, similar symptoms will appear, but the form is less obvious. This is a dangerous form of pathology, which may cause serious complications if left untreated.
  • Segmented. Catheter veins with a diameter greater than or equal to 3 mm are affected. These are large blood vessels, so the disease can be identified independently. Symptoms are shown in photos of varicose veins at the beginning of the segmental type. Represents small swelling, small bumps on the dermis surface. They have no blue or red. If you do not see a doctor in time, the bumps may expand and turn into large bruises. Through early diagnosis, the disease can be eliminated through sclerotherapy.
  • Perforation and the most dangerous varicose veins are derived from the name of the perforated vein. They play a huge role in the circulatory system. These veins connect deep blood vessels to the surface. Usually, this pathology leads to surgical intervention. In the photo, the disease resembles large or medium-sized bumps with irregular skin surface. They can be singular, or they can be combined into a structure to become larger.

It is important to seek medical help in time to avoid unpleasant consequences, not to make this disease require surgical intervention. The most important thing is to prevent varicose veins. It includes comfortable, correct, shoes made of natural materials with orthopedic soles. Don't put too much pressure on the lower limbs. Men are the same as women. Men should pay more attention to the condition of their legs and check their legs for varicose vein injuries and symptoms.

What do varicose veins on the legs look like-photos and signs

When women start to find even smaller vascular networks on the skin surface of the lower limbs, she wants to know what varicose veins on the legs look like. This disease is recessive because it cannot manifest itself for a long time.

What do the varicose veins look like?

Varicose veins is a very hidden disease, because people usually don't notice the first signs of its development. Usually, patients feel tired and heavy in their legs due to tiring workdays.

This is the case in many cases, but this is not the reason for not monitoring the blood vessel status of the lower limbs. Therefore, we will further discuss what this disease is and consider the type and extent of varicose veins in the photo.

Varicose Veins-Pathological Features

Varicose veins in the legs are not only a cosmetic problem that causes people to worry about their appearance, but also a very dangerous pathology that requires adequate and timely treatment and compliance with preventive measures.

Help. Women suffer from varicose veins several times more frequently than men.

Varicose veins of the lower extremities-A disease characterized by varicose veins. In addition, the outflow of blood is violated, which causes the circulatory system to stagnate.

In order to understand what varicose veins are (see picture), the process of its occurrence should be considered.

What does varicose veins look like

The veins on the legs havespecial valves. They only pass blood in one direction (upward) and do not allow blood to stagnate.

The failure of these valves will causeblood to move in the opposite direction (downward), preventing it from flowing out.

As a result, blood vessels lose their normal elasticity and begin to expand and deform under the pressure of blood. All of these arouse the early development of the disease.

Help.The symptoms of the disease may appear in various parts of the lower extremities, especially the varicose veins of the thighs, below the knees, calves and feet (see picture below).

There are many factors leading to the development of this pathology:From a sedentary lifestyle, body overload, bad habits, to genetic predisposition, hormonal disorders, and congenital vascular wall weakness.

Many people don't realize the seriousness of the problem and don't rush to see an expert, but start practicing self-treatment.

However, this is not an option because vascular preparations alone are unhealthy. Moreover, they alone cannot solve the problem. An effective integration method is needed here.

After determining the characteristics of pathological development, we will further consider the appearance of varicose veins in the legs, depending on the type of development.

Degree of varicose veins in the legs

The world scientific community has systematized the manifestation of varicose veins of the lower extremities.

Help. This classification is called CEAP (Clinical Etiological Pathology).

According to the compiled classification, the disease is divided into 7 levels (stages):

  • Zero-A condition in which a person’s legs are heavy, swollen, and cramped, but cannot see vision. During the special inspection, no deviation was found.
  • Grade 1 varicose veins (see the picture below)-Spider veins appear, and the same signs as before are observed;
  • Second second-Protruding veins or blue nodules become obvious, which may be due to excessive physical exertion or staying in one position for a long time, resulting in an increase in size;
  • Third point-All the above symptoms are accompanied by frequent edema, which is especially noticeable at night. In the morning, it may disappear, but in the evening, it reappears.
  • The fourth time-Due to malnutrition, the nutritional process starts in the vascular system. The skin around the vein turns brown or black. Skin inflammation: from slight redness to large wounds oozing out;
  • The fifth time-All symptoms are 4 degrees, plus obvious long-term nutritional ulcers;
  • No. 6is ​​an active and incurable nutritional ulcer.

Such diseases should be treated immediately, the sooner the better. The final stage of varicose veins is not only dangerous, but also serious complications that can lead to death.

In addition, the first photo of varicose veins looked normal, but the subsequent photo fell into shock.

Conclusion

Information and pictures of varicose veins should make you consider the fact that you should take care of your health and lead a correct lifestyle. In this case, preventive measures are opportunities to avoid this disease.

If the vein has been damaged due to the anatomical features of the body, it should be treated immediately.

Varicose veins require emergency treatment. If there are no varicose veins, it may cause serious consequences: the development of thrombophlebitis, bleeding in the venous lymph nodes and nutritional ulcers, which can lead to leg amputation.