Symptoms of varicose veins

Signs and symptoms of varicose veins in the legs

The circulatory system, like any organ of the human body, requires constant training and a healthy tone. The heart performs the function of a pump in the body, but over time, especially if the pitch of the venous device decreases, it will become more and more difficult for the heart to perform its function.

The valve on the vein wall becomes weak and no longer closes completely, and blood begins to stagnate in the vein. As a result, they expanded more and formed a vicious circle.

A defect in the venous system is usually observed in the lower part of the body. This positioning is explained by the influence of gravity. The most difficult to "draw" blood from the lower limbs. The disease is divided into several categories: varicose veins in the legs and varicose veins in the uterus.

The symptoms of each group are completely different. Changes can be observed in the superficial and deep veins of the lower extremities. In addition, rupture of superficial blood vessels was detected in the initial stage.

There are many factors that suggest varicose veins: symptoms of swelling in the legs, feeling "heavy" in the legs, bloating, burning. All these symptoms are combined by one attribute, which makes it possible for us to understand that this happens to be varicose veins-the symptoms of early development disappear without a trace in the morning.

Causes of varicose veins

What are the main causes of changes in the veins of the lower extremities? Varicose veins are easier to obtain than genetic diseases. Although some families have symptoms of varicose veins in every generation. However, there is no consensus regarding genetic susceptibility.

Standing on the legs for a long time can cause varicose veins.

How does varicose veins manifestThe main risk factors for the disease are: obesity, work characteristics (more common in people who have to stand for a long time during the working day), lifting weights, and wearing tight clothes to squeeze blood vessels.

If you belong to the risk group, you need to carefully monitor your condition. When the first symptoms of varicose veins appear, seek medical attention immediately.

As mentioned above, the first manifestation of the disease may be related to night fatigue of the legs. This happened because all the unpleasant performance disappeared in the morning. The person feels rested and has no reason to worry.

Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities

It is this fact that is the reason why varicose veins of the lower extremities can be diagnosed decades later-the symptoms are difficult to identify in the early stages. Let us take a closer look at them.

Pain

From mild discomfort to a state that requires painkillers, this can definitely be anything. The nature of the pain can also vary: burning and pain, strains and night cramps, pain when walking or along the entire length of the blood vessel.

Any leg pain that is not related to trauma should cause people to question whether it is not a symptom of varicose veins in the lower extremities.

Also in the manifestation of varicose veins, the following points should be noted:

  1. Nocturnal edema occurs.
  2. A feeling of "heavy" and plump legs.
  3. Another important symptom of varicose veins in the lower extremities is skin changes. The skin dries, and then pigmentation spots appear, which can increase further and lead to the development of trophic ulcers.
  4. Patterns of small subcutaneous blood vessels appear on the skin. The reason for this is the same-the veins are dilated and more obvious.
  5. In the later stages of the disease, various forms of dilation can be used to observe the dilated veins of the legs and feet. This is the main symptom of varicose veins-treatment should be started immediately!

Development phase

The manifestation of signs of disease can be divided into several stages:

  1. The first step-appearance defects become obvious.
  2. Stage 2-Discomfort in the legs at night.
  3. Stage 3-Oedema, hyperpigmentation, and plumpness in the legs.
  4. Stage 4-Nutritional ulcers appear.

After discovering any major signs, you need to start treatment for varicose veins immediately-the symptoms will not go away on their own.

This disease will not go away on its own. If the disease is delayed, serious complications may occur, such as thrombophlebitis, thrombosis, and venous bleeding.

Possible complications

Possible complications of varicose veins

Thrombosis (total blockage of the venous bed) and thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the vein wall) occur suddenly, and it is a serious condition (under adverse circumstances) that can cause limb loss.

Varicose veins can cause blood clots.

is ​​characterized by severe and unbearable pain, which may cause discoloration (red or blue) of the skin, and may observe soreness on its surface.

In the case of a thrombus rupture, the entire body is already in danger. If a thromboembolism occurs (a blood vessel is blocked by a blood clot), the lungs or other important blood vessels may cause death.

The treatment of this disease is prescribed by a doctor. When suspecting varicose veins in the lower extremities or small pelvis for the first time, you should definitely seek help.

A qualified venous hematologist will prescribe medicines, the correct combination of traditional medicines, and provide basic advice for lifestyle changes. After all, he is the main factor in the development of the disease.

03.10.2020