The symptoms of varicose veins (varices) in the foot

Varices (varicose veins) is a pathological process characterized by the extension of the level of the veins, and a violation of the outflow of venous blood from the legs. The venous system has special valves, with which the blood flows in one direction (towards the top), and does not stagnate in the legs. The malfunction of these valves leads to the emergence of a current of return of blood, causing the stagnation of venous blood in the lower limbs and the development of symptoms of varicose veins.

Diagnosis the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs

Signs of varicose veins of the legs

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Usually, many of us are varicose veins in the form of extended and protruding blue veins-nodes in the foot. The idea actually refers to the disease, but a similar was observed in cases highly the execution of the disease. In addition, a similar manifestation of varicose veins is accompanied by pain, heaviness and tiredness, and swelling of the calf and stop. Communicate the development of the disease to a state of this kind is not worth it, because varicose veins cause thrombosis and often the infection. In this context, often occurs in the inflammation of the blood vessels, which is often complicated blood clots (thrombosis). During the trunks, the venous form of painful seals in the form of wires, the cover of the skin loses its elasticity and colour, becomes thick and dark brown. The most insignificant trauma may cause an ulcer. In varicose veins woman already at the age of 40 can become a handicap.

Stage of varicose veins of the legs

  • The phase varicose veins – the complete absence of complaints, the concerns are only cosmetic violation;
  • Phase II varicose veins – appears to be a feeling of heaviness, swelling, and night are added to seizures.
  • Phase III of varicose veins, there is swelling of the feet and legs, the change of the coverage of the skin seal to the skin and in the subcutaneous tissue, darkening of the skin);
  • IV stage of varicose veins - infringement of the tissue trophic, ulcer formation.

The symptoms of varicose veins on the legs

  • Capillaries (telangiectasia).
  • A curved elongation of the varicose veins, which are above the surface of the skin.
  • Modification of the skin. At the beginning it's just excessively dry skin, and then appear in the pigmented areas, which soon unite dermatitis of various nature, eczema and sores.
  • The pain. The pain can be caused by a variety of causes, and his character can be different is the hot and throbbing pain, the pain during the journey, the pain and pain in the legs in general, itching of the tissue and muscle cramps during the night, the pain during trunks the venous.
  • The swelling. Mainly extend over an area of the feet and legs.
  • The feeling of swelling and heaviness in the legs.
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For each phase of the development of varicose veins is characterized by symptoms. In the initial stage (when a profound connection cable in the veins starts the pathological blood circulation to the disease, as such, difficult to diagnose, because its main sign (varicose veins) missing. Sometimes manifesting fatigue, a feeling of heaviness and no significant leg pain, may be symptoms of an early phase of development of diseases such as backache, lumbar region, flat feet, disease of the arteries. In this situation, patients need to visit a specialist blood, but also a neurologist and a surgeon. For an accurate diagnosis assigned ultrasound, and phlebography.

Usually the woman starts playing the alarm, when under the skin of the thighs or legs clearly shine through thin veins or "suddenly" occur ugly red or bluish veins or patterns, and not necessarily their appearance is accompanied by feelings that are uncomfortable. Following the vascular pattern on the skin is improved, the skin changes, becomes cianotiche and unattractive. In the hope of getting rid of the bad cosmetic defect, the woman is visited by a specialist.

The appearance of the main symptom of the disease – protruding veins nodes (or node) on the inner surface of the lower part of the legs or hips, he begins to lead the woman to think that not all is well with veins. But the time is already past, the disease develops and progresses. Long stay in walk for a day or a long walk cause the appearance of other symptoms of varicose veins - fatigue, heaviness, sensation of swelling, usually in the areas of calf and the pain in the area of varicose veins, acute or aching character. These symptoms of the disease are added to the swelling (in the evening, in the morning pass) and nocturnal cramps of the calf muscles. Initially the symptoms occur periodically and will pass after a good night's rest. Hope in recovery is not worth, the disease in the absence of treatment progresses. In general, remember, if the varicose veins arose, to cure for ever is impossible, you can only not develop complications and delay or prevent the surgery, that, among other things, is not the guarantor of freedom from the disease for ever, but gives a long term effect.

As the development of the disease all the symptoms begin to appear more often and are more acute, and in the following we show, in the usual our eye, twisted intradermal injection of the vienna of dark blue color, protruding above the skin of the legs and stop in the form of bunches of grapes. The pain becomes arching, he feels the heat, swelling become common place.

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Via to the symptoms of the disease will combine changes of the skin becomes excessively dry, it becomes dark in color, and later begin to occur trophic disturbances (for a long time does not heal eczema, ulcers). The pain at this stage becomes unbearable attacks. The disease is considered highly in the execution, the treatment of varicose veins on the legs, in this case, he usually wears a character operating. Which methodology will be applied, decides the vascular surgeon in each case individually. Bezoperatsionnye methods of treatment applied in the earlier phases of the development of varicose veins when no significant changes of the skin.

The causes of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs

  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Sex of the patient.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Hormonal drugs, and oral contraceptives.
  • Excessive, intense or frequent exercise.
  • Profession, or place of work or the long hours standing.
  • Unhealthy food.
  • Excess weight, obesity.
  • Wear uncomfortable, tight clothing and footwear.
  • The lack of physical exercise.
  • Congenital weakness of the vascular wall.
  • Immune and endocrine disorders.
  • Violations of the working group valvular venous system.
  • Violation of the current of the blood.

When it is necessary to immediately consult a doctor?

If the following symptoms you should immediately contact your doctor:

  • If the intensified pain in the leg, that you can't get up, the skin hot to the touch.
  • If suddenly occurred shortness of breath, lack of air, appeared weakness.
  • If struck by the disease stage of the skin, oozing blood.

The consequences of varicose veins on the legs

Dermatitis and eczema

It is an inflammatory disease occurs on the background of a stagnation of venous blood in the lower limbs. It manifests itself on the skin in the form of outbreaks of redness, that have irregular edges and are accompanied by severe itching and the appearance of small cracks and bubbles.

Trophic ulcer

Occurs on the background of eczema and is characterized by the appearance on the painful foot time is not healing a single wound, the bottom of which can be observed humidity. The heaviness in the legs, amplified, the patient can not stand for long periods of time.

Thrombophlebitis acute

Results in inflammation of the wall of varicose veins, accompanied by a formation in its lumen a blood clot. The disease is characterized by severe pain in any position, redness, increased body temperature, seals in the movement for subcutaneous vessels. Sometimes it dissolves the blood clots, but more often it happens that the lumen of the vein is closed, creating the risk of puncture and sclerosing concerned of vienna.

With further progression of the disease created the conditions for the development of the nascent thrombophlebitis and lebotromboza, the latter affects the deep venous system, causing the obstruction of the pulmonary artery trumpets. In the absence of treatment it is possible to stop the outflow of blood, and the development of gangrene.

Rupture of varicose veins

Manifested a severe hemorrhage, requiring immediate surgery.

11.08.2018