Varicose veins of the lower limbs is a pathological increase of the level, where the walls of the veins dilate and you experience the reflux of the blood (reverse flow). The disease is almost always accompanied by a violation of the functioning of the venous valves, which becomes the cause of venous stasis. The slowing of the current of the blood leads to the appearance of the typical varicose veins symptoms of heaviness in the legs, feeling of tiredness, pain when you walk. If the disease progresses, appear on the external changes: spider veins, bumps, veins, protruding, blue or burgundy. The disease is diagnosed for most women, but the percentage of men suffer from varicose veins, it is also quite large – more than 66 %.
Treatment of varicose veins is care of a vascular surgeon or phlebologist – narrow-profile specialist, is responsible for the diagnosis and therapy of disorders of the blood vessels, including the veins and arteries. Treat varicose veins the legs of the women in several ways: drug therapy, recipes of traditional medicine, physiotherapy, technical, and physical therapy. Before using any method, it is important to receive the advice of a technical, as well as in the later stages of varicose veins high efficiency gives only the surgical treatment.
What symptoms is necessary to consult a doctor?
Varicose veins refers to diseases that have a slow development mechanism and along the course. Irregularities in the circulation of the blood to the subcutaneous veins can last for years, leading to a gradual decrease of the voice of the blood vessels and the beginning of an irreversible change. In the initial stage the only symptom may be a constant feeling of heaviness and tiredness of the legs. Particularly serious, this is a sign noticeable in women, whose professional activity is linked to a long stay in the feet (vendors, waiters, tourist guides).
The hallmark of the disease are swelling stops, which appear mainly in the evening hours and go away after waking up. If the disease of the launch, the swelling can be observed on the surface of the legs and also the thighs (movement of the subcutaneous venous the arteries). The skin in position, the vein is sick and takes unnaturally pale shade, certain areas may appear cyanotic born stains.
Other symptoms of varicose veins legs of women are:
- swelling of the veins;
- the emergence of a clear venous drawing under the skin (vienna's can have blue, purple or burgundy color);
- capillaries (small dark pink, with patches of branches in the form of thin filaments, formed in the point of breaking capillaries);
- stinging in the place where the patients in vienna;
- involuntary spasms of the muscles of the calf of the leg, which appears predominantly during the night hours.
Important! When it detects any of these signs or their collection, you must immediately contact the phlebologist or sosudistomu surgeon. The doctor will examine the patient, will make the conclusion of the severity of the existing symptoms and stage of the disease and will pass the necessary examination. If you are not in the initial stage of varicose veins, on the surface of the legs may appear sores and hyperpigmentation.
What should I do if varicose veins of the legs?
The conservative treatment of varicose veins on any part of the body is possible only with the defeat of 1-2 degrees. In some cases, to deal with the disease without the use of surgical techniques can be in 3 degrees of varicose veins, but the probability is very low.
Stage of varicose veins of the lower limbs
|Stage of the disease||What characterizes?||The degree of disability|
|The first||Subcutaneous defeat, which in most cases is only a simple cosmetic problem and does not affect the development of pathological processes. The reflux of the blood is missing||The operation is retained in full
|The second||Segmental varicose veins, in which occurs the violation of the outflow in one or more of the venous duct, of a diameter greater than 3 mm.||The ability to work a little bit reduced, but when you use maintenance therapy patient can perform the usual amount of work
|The third||Large veins defeat the violation of the venous outflow in the conclusions: the superficial veins||The patient is able to carry out professional tasks for 6-8 hours, a permanent condition treatment|
|The fourth||The extension of the deep veins with a reflux of blood||The ability to work broken even when using symptomatic and curative therapy|
For the treatment of varicose veins at any stage of a woman it is necessary to respect the special clinical nutrition with a high content of vegetables and vegetables. Available in varicose veins cold-pressed vegetable oil, as they contain a lot of tocopherol, strengthens the walls of blood vessels and prevents the formation of blood clots. Better to give preference vigilantem, olive oil, squash, and grape oils. Of vegetables particularly useful cabbage, eggplant, zucchini, peppers and carrots.
- fish and seafood;
- dried, frozen and fresh berries and fruits;
- legumes (peas, lentils, beans);
- lean meat (the consumption of pork and other meat with high fat content should limit to 1 times per week);
- dairy products with a fat content not exceeding 5 % (for the cheese is allowed in the content of fat in a proportion of 9 g per 100 g of product).
At any stage of varicose veins are prohibited from beverages containing caffeine or alcohol, butter, margarine, meat (especially industrially processed), marinades and sauces rich in fats.
Important! Diet in varicose veins is the main part of a complete treatment, but necessarily need to combine it with the drug therapy, assigned a doctor, the traditional methods (in the absence of indications).
Treatment of varicose veins foot in the house: recipes
To deal with the pain, reduce the swelling and improve the circulation of blood will help from traditional medicine, which can be a different addition to the basic treatment.
Wraps herbal ingredients help to reduce the swelling of the soft tissues and get rid of the pain and itching. To do every day for 4-6 weeks. For a compress, you can use:
- washed, blanched in boiling water and mashed cabbage leaves (better to use a young cabbage);
- the pulp of the raw potato (1 potato);
- 30 ml of the juice of kalanchoe (can mix it with the aloe juice in a ratio of 1:1);
- 30 g of natural soap mixed with a teaspoon of warm water;
- apple cider vinegar diluted with water (1-2 tablespoons).
A piece of gauze, folded in several layers, moisten the juice, vinegar or different composition (or apply the pulp of soap and potatoes), applied to the affected area and wrap. Leave all night, in the morning wash the skin with lukewarm water. After the procedure, you can apply any toning cream or gel.
Treatment sodium bicarbonate
Soda – a well-known remedy for the treatment of varicose veins of the lower limbs, which can also be used for prevention. This can be used for lotions, hot compresses, or rubbings. For this you will need a tablespoon of baking soda diluted in 100 ml of warm water, moisten a cotton pad and rub the plot of the foot, where the patients in vienna. Wash the tool is not necessary.
Body wraps and lotions are similar. Wet a cotton ball or a piece of gauze with a solution of soda and attach to the affected vienna for 30-50 minutes. The procedure should be repeated 3-4 times per day for 1 month.
When widespread (large) varicose veins deal with pain and edema help you drinks the bathroom. 4 tablespoons of bicarbonate of soda should be dissolved in 2 liters of hot water, mix well and pour the composition in the bath full. Take its need 20 minutes. Accende intus stupam after the procedure is not possible. Make drinks of the bathrooms 2 times in 7-10 days. Only need to do 10 treatments.
Ginseng is a tonic plant that helps to fight many diseases of the blood vessels, including, and with varicose veins. On the basis of which they prepare various gels and ointments, but the most pronounced effect can be obtained by eating the inside in the form of a tincture. Alcohol tincture of ginseng can buy in a pharmacy or cook at home. For this you need to:
- 150 g of dried ginseng pour 600 ml of vodka;
- stored in a cool place for 14 days;
Take the instrument has needed 4 times a day for 1-2 tablespoons on an empty stomach. The propensity to neurological disorders tincture is recommended to dilute with water.
When intervention is necessary?
When complicated varicose veins of the legs 3 women's sizes can be indicated surgical treatment. Varicose defeat 4 measure always require surgical intervention. In the case of the execution of the current with chronic venous insufficiency before the intervention it is necessary to go through a preparatory course of conservative therapy.
Depending on the severity and individual testimonies, the doctor can choose one of the following methods of treatment:
- flebectomia – excision pathological advanced, and of the veins;
- sclerotherapy – introduction in the vein of the sick, a special solution that "paste" the venous walls and narrows the lumen;
- laser coagulation – a method of surgical treatment with the help of impact high-frequency laser beam;
- radiowave treatment – low-impact method of treatment does not require hospitalization and surgical incisions.
Auspicious prediction, after the surgical treatment will determine the future of the life style of a woman, the respect of the mode of work and rest, following the principles of a healthy diet, and compliance with medical appointments and recommendations.
Varicose veins of the legs – a chronic disease that cannot be cured completely, but you can prevent its progression and the possible complications. In women the disease is more severe and serious, for which the appearance of the first signs of violations must immediately seek medical attention.