The beginning of the disease connected with violation of the normal functioning of the venous valves and the onset of the reverse current of the blood.In the cell is broken, the balance between the muscle cells, collagen and elastic fibers of the venous wall. Consequently, the blood flow is broken, the blood stagnates and expands the walls of the blood vessels. Form blood clots and sores on the surface of the skin.
In the early stages of the disease appears in the vascular network, then the veins become more and more clearly, occurs swelling of the legs, calf pain, heaviness and cramps during sleep. Because of a violation of the nutrition of the skin appear sores. The most dangerous consequence of varicose veins is thrombophlebitis, which inflame the walls of the veins and form a blood clot. The clot can break away at any moment and with the current of blood to block major arteries, causing a heart attack, a stroke or thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery. The treatment of varicose veins in the legs can be made, either in the hospital or at home, but under the supervision of phlebologist.
The symptoms of varicose veins
Varicose veins is a common disease, especially if it was transmitted by inheritance, then it is necessary to recognize the symptoms. Many do not pay attention to the increase of the veins, considering this cosmetic flaw. However, this is the first sign of varicose veins.
It is necessary to carefully examine the veins with the light of day: they must not be above the level of the skin. If when stroking the skin vienna rise above the surface of the foot, this is the first symptom of varicose veins. In addition, you can disturb the spread and severity of the calves, swelling of the legs in the evening. If, at the end of a normal day of shoes begins to reap, it would be advisable to check for the presence of edema.
For this it is necessary to measure in a few days inches of ribbon the circumference of the leg at two points: at the ankle at the narrowest part of the bottom and the eggs in the widest part. Make the measurements must evening before going to sleep and in the morning immediately after waking up. If in size in a matter of a few days, there is a difference of about a centimeter and then the blood flow is interrupted and will require treatment.
Among the symptoms of varicose veins show a rapid fatigue of the legs, itching, increase in temperature and the appearance of swelling in the ankle area. That person may have cramps in his legs at night, numbness, tingling sensation, pigmentation and the gasket in the lower part of the leg. If the disease is not treated, you experience ulcers and bleeding of the varices and of the nodes. The presence of stars is not a symptom of varicose veins occur because of expansion intradermal blood vessels, often found in women during hormonal changes in the body.
Treatment of varicose veins on legs at home
Treatment of varicose veins can go home and involves the application of external lotions, gels, medications, tubs for the bath of feet, hardening and gymnastics.
To alert the formation of blood clots, are used in medicines that reduce blood clotting: aspirin, drugs, garlic, heparin ointment. Before taking the pill and use the ointment, you need to go through the diagnosis of the veins to determine the stage of the disease. How to get rid of varicose veins on legs at home:
- The infusion of herbs applies to rubbing of the legs, to quickly relieve the pain and heaviness in the legs. You need to take the leaves of fresh herbs, washed, dried and chopped. In half-liter jar pour in up to half of the crushed leaves and pour alcohol or vodka to the top. Insist for a week in a dark place, shaking every day. Then the mixture must be filtered out, and rub the feet in the morning and in the evening, starting from the feet, the knees and above.
- A pack of honey before going to sleep. On a clean cloth or handkerchief need to put a layer of natural honey. Bandage put on the sick of vienna, wrap from the top with food film and an elastic bandage. The first pack hold 2 hours, the second 4 hours, in the next few days you can leave the whole night. The course of treatment is 50 days.
- A pack of sea salt – improves the general tone of the blood vessels. The salt melts in its malleable state, and put in the fridge for 1 hour for cooling. Then the cold salt spread on a clean cloth and apply to the patient field, after you wrapped from the top of an elastic bandage. Keep the wrap, until the salt heats up.
- A pack of slices. Slices of lemon and apply to the sore spot, from the top, and cover with a sheet of paper and put an elastic bandage. Keep the compress for at least 2 hours or leave overnight.
- Wrap potatoes. Rub fresh potatoes on a fine grater, put a thick layer on the area of the pain and fasten with an elastic bandage. After 4 hours we apply to new potatoes. Keep the wrap need during the day.
- Ointment pork visceral fat. Mix pork suet pharmacy with bile in a ratio of 5:1. Ointment of imposing on the sick areas, not rubbing.
- Tincture of green walnuts. Green walnuts to put on the bottom of the pot and pour the olive oil over the top layer of nuts 2, see of Put in a warm place for 40 days. Lubricate the sick areas for the night.
In varicose veins useful to make an invigorating foot massage with the use of aromatic oils.
For the mixture to mix 3 drops of peppermint oil and 2 drops of amaranth. Lubricate the palm of your hand and caress the veins in light upward strokes.
Treatment of varicose veins at home also includes the hardening, which favors the narrowing of the blood vessels and improve circulation.
The quenching is necessary to start with regular washes, which lowers the temperature every day of 1 degree, gradually leading to less pleasant. Start spreading need 1-3 minutes, leading to 5-7 minutes, starting with the hands, chest, back, and end with the feet. After the adaptation of the body to use, and a shower of contrast: alternating hot-cold water for 10 seconds, ending a shower with cold water. At first, the shower may take no more than 5 minutes, then as we adapt to the time increases up to 20-30 minutes.
Treatment of varicose veins with the help of herbal baths
Well doing by varicose veins herbal foot bath.
They have tonic and stimulating effect on the blood vessels, improve the blood circulation, relieve fatigue, and increase the speed of metabolic processes. Drip do well in the evening after work, they relieve the swelling and heaviness. If the dilated veins, the water should be lukewarm, not more than 36-38 degrees, the hot water is contraindicated.
How to treat varicose veins of the veins of the legs at home with the help of bathrooms:
- The bowl of grass cudweed. Beer, grass cudweed decoction: 100 g of grass we take 5 liters of boiled water for 8 hours. Drop the legs in the tub for 30-40 minutes.
- Bath of chamomile, nettle, thyme, oregano, and melissa. Take 2 cups of mixture and beer in a liter of boiled water, for 30 minutes, adding in a bowl with 2 litres of lukewarm water and down the foot from there to a half hour.
- The bowl of nettle, burdock and birch leaves. Mix the herbs in equal parts beer and 3 tablespoons of mixture to 1 litre of boiling water. Insist broth for 30 minutes, strain and add to bath for the feet. Drop the legs for 20 minutes.
- Bowl mint, thyme and valerian root has relaxing and calming, so it is better to do before going to sleep. Take 0,5 cups of the mixture and pour 1 liter of boiling water, cook in a bain-marie for 15 minutes. The filtered broth and mix with 2 litres of water. Keep your feet in the bath for 30 minutes.
- Bowl of flax seeds improves blood circulation, relieves fatigue and swelling. Take 2 tablespoons of flax seeds and beer 1 liter of boiled water for 20 minutes, strain and add into a bowl with 2 litres of water. Drop the legs in the tub for 20-25 minutes.
The prevention of varicose veins
In the initial stages of the development of varicose veins in addition to treatment can help to prevention measures in the home.
Preventive measures include proper nutrition, mobility, sports activities.
It is necessary to eliminate wear very tight jeans, socks and socks with tight elastic bands, as well as have a great pressure on the veins and can cause stagnation of blood in the blood vessels. The girls need to less likely to wear high heels, better to choose shoes with a heel of 4 cm. Sports activities are necessary, but you have to exclude tennis, weight lifting, body building, as well as data water increases the venous pressure and lead to varicose veins. It is not recommended to sit a foot to the other, so as it breaks the normal flow of blood and causes a stagnation of blood.
If after a day of work you hurt your feet or feel the heaviness during rest or sleep, elevate the legs above the level of the heart. This relieve the fatigue and improve blood circulation. During sitting or standing work required for every hour to take breaks, stretch your legs, do rotation and elastic movement. After the shower or the bath, wash the feet with cold water. This will improve the tone of blood vessels, and relieve tension in the muscles. For the prevention and treatment of varicose veins it is best to get these types of activities, such as swimming, walking, skiing, cycling, yoga and pilates. Improve the general state of the arteries and of the veins, strengthen the walls of blood vessels, accelerate blood circulation, relieve fatigue in the legs.
Some foods and drinks can help in the treatment of varicose veins. In the diet must include vegetables, fruits, berries, fruit juice, contain large quantities of vitamins c, d, e, F, V. Fish, sea fish, olive oil and sunflower oil are also useful for the blood vessels. Beverage is better to give preference in purified water, fresh fruit juices, green tea. You need to eliminate alcohol, smoke, savoury, spicy and fatty meals.