The intervention of pathological the violation of the functioning of the blood vessels, making the migration of the products of the exchange and of carbon dioxide, which is assigned only in the presence of particular signs. Promptly carried out the operation for varicose veins on the legs is a guaranteed way to treat such a defeat of the lower limbs. Find out more about the surgical technique to solve the problem.
What is varicose veins
The disease is characterized by vascular lesions of the lower extremities, in which occurs an acute disorder of blood circulation. Later stages of the disease cause the appearance on the legs, blue tree, mesh, interspersed with large outbreaks of pathological. Varicose veins is dangerous, that creates all the conditions for the development of thrombophlebitis in the system of the inferior vena cava. This kind of complications usually lead to the emergence of a long-term that do not heal venous leg ulcers.
No less serious risk to the health of the patient is detached from the vascular wall of a blood clot, which is often the main cause of heart attack, stroke, thromboembolic syndrome. Mainly this occasion, and brings the sick to think that they need an operation for the removal of varicose veins on the legs. But some patients ignore such serious consequences and prefer to ignore the symptoms of the disease.
Removal of the veins of the legs
When the situation when the varicose veins blood can be treated with conservative methods, it must resort to surgery. In the case in which the operation of the veins of the lower limbs was made in good faith, the patient, usually, is disease-free for decades. Modern medicine has all the necessary equipment for the surgery was successfully performed.
Today, the removal of the veins varicose veins takes place minimally invasive methods. In this regard, of particular interest is the seamless way of working, involving resolution of the sections modified with the help of micro-punctures. At the end of this procedure, the patient's legs simply wrapped with an elastic bandage, and after a few hours has already allowed little by little to walk.
The operation for varicose veins of the lower limbs can be carried out only in the presence of particular clinical manifestations of the disease. So, one of the indications for the intervention is extended defeat, which affected a large part of the boat. In addition, the operation for varicose veins on the legs is inevitable when large edema. Pay particular attention to the pathological violation of the outflow of venous blood.
In this situation, before the intervention is assigned a further examination of the patient for the presence of has the predisposition to other vascular diseases. In this regard, we must speak also of disorders in which the operation is contraindicated. The main limitations to the resolution the affected area vienna serving pregnancy, hypertension, and acute inflammatory processes. Returning to the main question, namely, that the operation in varicose veins of the lower limbs occurs, and for other indications:
- if there is trophic ulcers healed;
- when the atypical expansion of the subcutaneous veins;
- in thrombophlebitis acute;
- if there is an obstruction of the veins.
The possible consequences
During the mini-invasive how to solve the problem of varicose veins pain syndrome practically is not present. In the meantime, the unpleasant feelings may actively occur after the flebectomia. This fact is due to the fact that instead of the remote pathological stage you form bruises that are the result of inflow, the venous artery. Also, after a couple of days after the surgery, patients often raises the temperature for a reason aseptic inflammation of the blood.
Surgery to the veins of the lower limbs
Currently several methods are used for the treatment of diseases of the veins. One of the most effective ways of intervention considered phlebectomy. This type of surgery takes place in several stages and involves the use of local anesthesia. Other ways to get rid of the pathological varicose veins apply only in the presence of vascular damage of small diameter.
The operation of removal of the veins of the legs, lasting about two hours in local anesthesia. Size of the damaged vessel fragment begins with the fact that the surgeon carries out the dissection of the cover of the skin at the groin and near the ankle of the patient. Other incisions are made on big venous knots. Through the resulting the groin, the forum introduced special extractor in the form of a thin wire with a rounded tip. With the help of this medical tool, the doctor removes the damaged fragment of vienna, after which cuts the suture, and the operation is completed.
This method involves the treatment of varicose veins injections. During sclerotherapy, the fragment of vienna is injected with a special substance, it breaks down its inner surface. Then what happens is a physiological coalescence of the middle classes of the jar with the consequent fall of the injured party. Visible in direct the patient receives already after a few treatments of sclerotherapy. The recovery after therapeutic lasts about six months.
Removal laser vein
This method is considered the most modern and completely painless. Conducted in this way, the veins of the legs allows the patient the same day to walk independently. The technique involves the removal of the vessel damaged by laser coagulation. During the procedure the surface of vienna is processed through a barely perceptible sting. Because of the high temperature of the laser exposure blood boils and in a moment ferments the vein is damaged throughout its length. Input the advantage of this type of intervention is the absence of risk of infectious complications.
Rehabilitation after surgery of varices of the lower limbs
The recovery period involves constant follow the doctor's recommendations. So, the first 4 hours after surgery, the patient should be in bed, but this does not mean that the patient must be immobile to tell a lie. Specialist necessarily tell me what are the movements to perform. Regardless of the method of resolution of varicose veins, the patient in the postoperative period is necessary to wear a compression garment and not to forget the common rules of the maintenance of the veins in a healthy condition:
- do massage;
- drink special medicines-venotonics;
- avoid alcohol;
- follow a proper diet;
- avoid inactivity.