Varicose veins is a disease in which occurs the extension of the deep and superficial veins. On the surface of the muscles of the lower limbs, the veins become large and tortuous, bluish hue. The veins occur in the nodes, and the function of the venous valves is broken, and the blood flow slows down. The blood is not pushed to the floor above, and accumulates in the lower part, and then the veins begin to expand, and occurs in varicose veins. Often women have this frequent disease between the ages of 25 and 45 years for men at age of 45-50. Varicose veins can cause dangerous consequences. Every fourth patient after 10 years it becomes disabled.
The first signs of varicose veins often you may not notice, as well as the fatigue in the legs, in the evening, the pain, the swelling of the foot and leg. Many of these feelings do not pay attention, allowing normal tiredness. When you walk or after sleep, the pain goes away. Later, the veins dilate and become more visible under the skin. Occur the venous knots and winding statement in blue. Varicose veins can lead to the formation of blood clots and inflammation.
The consequence of varicose veins are such dangerous diseases, as phlebitis - inflammation of the blood vessels or thrombophlebitis - inflammation of the blood vessels with the formation of these blood clots. In the course of the veins are formed, solid and painful ropes. Because of eating disorders, the skin loses its elasticity and colour, becomes thick, dark brown in color. With minor trauma or injury can occur open wounds - wounds, as well as the skin in these places thin and quickly damaged. Are slow to heal and cause unpleasant symptoms.
In the early stages of varicose veins practically does not manifest itself. With the development of the disease the symptoms become more obvious. The most common evidence of varicose veins of the legs are covered by the following:
The symptoms of varicose veins of the legs depends on the stage of development of the disease:
1 phase - are obvious, some cosmetic defects, pain almost did not bother.
Phase 2 - feeling of heaviness, swelling, pain, cramps during sleep.
Phase 3 - formation of edema, sensation of swelling, hardening of the skin and of the subcutaneous tissue, the formation of dark spots.
Phase 4 - the appearance of venous ulcers, burning, and itching, strong pain, the veins bulging, the change in gait, difficulty in walking.
Varicose veins are swelling immediately obvious. Comfortable shoes starts collecting in the evening and becomes narrow. With a long stay in a position of the foot once you inflate or swell. It is possible to independently verify the presence of edema in the legs. For this you need to measure inches of the tape the circumference of the leg: the most narrow part of the shin above the ankle and wider calf. Measure need 2 times a day: in the evening before going to sleep and immediately after you wake up. If in the course of a few days the indicators of calf circumference varies more than 1 cm, then there is a reason to check the blood vessels and vienna.
Varicose veins leads to serious consequences. Among them we distinguish the acute phase of thrombophlebitis of superficial veins, sores, phlebothrombosis, bleeding of the varicose veins and nodes. In thrombophlebitis, acute experience symptoms such as redness, pain, seals of the skin in the area of passage of blood vessels and veins. Thrombophlebitis is dangerous because you form blood clots, and at any time may break, shutting off a vital artery. This can lead to a momentary death.
The treatment of varicose veins can be conservative and operative. In the early stages of using compression hosiery, medication. Also showed the receipt of funds in order to dissolve the blood clots and prevent the formation of blood clots. Ointments, gels and creams are applied to the use of local pain and swelling in the legs. Improve the condition of the skin, increases the tone of blood vessels.
When you change blood small often used non-surgical method - sclerotherapy. In the vein of the sick, is introduced with a special substance, which seals the wall advanced out of the ship. Through this procedure it is possible to correct the cosmetic defects: absorbed by dilated blood vessels, eliminating the syndrome of varicose veins and related symptoms.
Laser obliteration, and radiofrequency ablation are the latest techniques in the treatment of varicose veins. Extended vienna closes inside with the help of action of the laser or radio frequency of the transmitter. These procedures are performed under ultrasound guidance, without cuts, with the help of penetration of the skin with a special needle.
In the treatment of varicose veins can be applied ozone therapy. Is a new method that is used for the resolution of small formations of the vascular. With the help of ozone vase glued together and the skin is clean. You need to go through a series of procedures.
In the latter stages of varicose veins of the legs with the symptoms indicated surgery. This operation is performed, if the other methods do not work and the patient difficult to walk. The operation for varicose veins is a combined procedure - removing and binding the damaged veins, nodules. Are used-saving techniques for after surgery remained less scarring, are used special tools, which are introduced through minimal incisions. After surgery, it is necessary to wear a compression garment, to refrain from exercise, lifting weights. Easy gymnastics therapeutic for the legs. May be given special medications.
To avoid varicose veins, you must comply with the prevention measures. We must try to minimize the hot baths, saunas and steam baths, and a long stay in the sun. This will contribute to reducing the venous tone, which causes a stagnation of blood in the legs.
To avoid varicose veins of the legs, do not wear very tight things, such as socks or stockings with tight elastic bands, as well as are very by tightening the veins and can lead to poor circulation of blood and expansion. Are excluded high heels, shoes every day must not be more than 4 cm of Shoes can be slip-on festive events.
For the prevention of varicose veins it is necessary to do gymnastics, but some types of sport, we recommend that you exclude. Tennis, weight lifting, body building, dance and choreography increases the venous pressure in the legs lead to varicose veins. It is not recommended to sit a foot to the other, as well as in this situation there is deteriorating the blood exchange in the tissues and in course of time, this can lead to varicose veins of the legs.
For the prevention of varicose veins and when the first sign of a more effective sport is swimming. This type of physical activity has practically no contraindications, and will be useful to all. Swimming is necessary to do 3 times a week. Pool lessons are more suitable for the prevention of varicose veins, as well as improves the tone of blood vessels and blood circulation. The most accessible and inexpensive method is to walk.
Walks in the open air, to strengthen the muscles of the legs, the tone of the blood vessels, improve the exchange in the tissues. After work it is advisable to rest with the legs up. You can lie on the floor or on the couch and put a pillow, a blanket. This relieves fatigue in the legs, so as the blood rushes from their head. A simple exercise of "bicycle" in the supine position to relieve fatigue in the legs, and warns varicose veins. Leg exercises are better performed in the sitting or lying position, this takes away a load of additional work and alerts you to varicose.
In the prevention of varicose veins is to reduce the excess weight, as well as creates the work load on the legs. The power supply must be healthy and strengthen blood vessels. The most useful are vitamins c, e and rutin, which are rich in berries of sea buckthorn, raspberry, citrus, aronia, wild strawberry, wild rose and mountain ash. Buckwheat, rice and other grains contain natural antioxidants that strengthen the vascular wall, purify the blood vessels and protect you from cancer. It is useful to drink herbal teas of nettle, yarrow, lemon balm, acacia. You should drink less alcohol, salts, greases, and fried foods, starchy foods, sweet. The structure is excluded, as is the negative acts on blood vessels, reduces the amount of oxygen, causing varicose veins.