Varicose veins on the legs in the majority of cases, it is typical for women, but, apparently, men are also not spared. Apparently, because men suffer from varicose veins, if high-heeled shoes do not wear, the unborn children and not feel tangible hormonal stress? In addition, the World health organization informs that this disease are 25% of the representatives of the stronger sex, and this, agree, quite a bit. How to identify the presence of disease and start to cure them?
The characteristics of the disease in men
Varicose veins on the legs of men and women have practically the same physiological basis, but at the same time in individuals of the male sex are often recorded complications. Why? The answer lies on the surface — men, for the most part tend not to pay attention to their health. In addition, under the pants you can't see anything, and walk away proud of the strong sex are not accustomed to.
If the woman, noticing the first signs of the expansion of blood vessels, affretterà to see a doctor, for fear of consequences, including cosmetics, the man sees the now of that moment, when the disease is enough to force his attention. In the phase of execution for the necessary treatment of a surgical intervention while in the initial phase would be done in less than an intervention.
How you manifest the disease: the symptoms and signs
The first signs of varicose veins on the legs are:
- the sense of heaviness and pain in the legs;
- spasms and leg muscles cramps;
- swelling of the lower limbs;
- manifestation on the skin a vascular network;
- semi-transparency of the veins throughout the dermis.
If in this period of the disease do not consult a phlebologist — a medical doctor, specialist on disease of the veins, the condition is likely to worsen further.
The causes of the development of the disease
The main cause of varicose veins doctors tend to regard a hereditary predisposition, that "starts" thanks to the following factors:
- the abuse of alcoholic beverages;
- a sedentary life-style;
- bad power supply;
- the excess of weight;
- a long time spent in the feet;
- lifting weights;
- increase in intra-abdominal pressure due to nitens when persistent constipation, a chronic cough, adenoma of the prostate;
- previous injury to the limbs;
- congenital vascular malformations.
The circumstances gradually lead to the appearance of problems with the blood vessels — violation of elasticity of the walls, the density of the blood, the formation of cholesterol plaques, stagnant phenomena. Consequently worsens the circulation, the pressure on the walls of the blood vessels increases, resulting in their stretch, they form blood clots.
With the gradual increase of the level of the vienna valves that prevent reverse (opposite to the movement of the blood), can't fully tighten, and the blood flows out again. This favours the stagnation of blood in the extremities, vessels even more elongated, that continues to aggravate the disease.
The possible consequences of varicose veins of the veins of the legs
Irresponsible attitude to varicose veins, in consequence of the fact that the process of pathological changes in the large blood vessels, cleaves the negative transformation of the deep veins, which, inevitably, thrombophlebitis, venous occlusion, the formation of non-healing of trophic ulcers. In this phase, avoid the operation.
In this way, a negative scenario, the patient may develop the following symptoms:
- severe pain in the legs, it grows when you walk;
- the gain of edema of the lower limbs;
- hyperemia, and then lividore and darkening of the skin over the inflamed veins;
- seal the thrombosed veins;
- the increase of the temperature of the body on the ground of inflammation, and with large inflammation — the town of hyperthermia.
In the case in which the process of deepening even further, the result of a breach of the tissue trophic will be ulceration phase of the skin. Emerged a wound to open and bleed on the slightest contact with any object, it is the infection, in an instant, causing inflammation. Also, the painful wound, and creates significant difficulties in the choice of clothing.
Methods of diagnosis and stage of the disease
The treatment of varicose veins, as already mentioned above, deals with phlebologist. The doctor has an arsenal of diagnostic techniques that allow us to identify the disease in a phase 1-2, when the external signs are practically absent.
Today the are used the methods of diagnosis:
- the ultrasound is a method with the application of ultrasound, allows to assess the state of the liquids of the organism, in this case — the blood;
- vascular tomography;
- radiopaque and radionuclide phlebography — introduction to the ship of the contrast medium followed by x-rays.
Modern medical equipment allows to assess the speed of blood flow, its direction, the condition of the blood vessels, etc These problems decide to various types of doppler — energy, pulse-wave, duplex, triplex.
Experts are 6 levels of varicose veins:
- Swelling, tiredness in the legs, heaviness, cramps without any external manifestations.
- Appear spider veins, are small blood vessels.
- Form venous nodules, occur advanced of vienna.
- Evolution constant swelling, a little cadens for the night, and again resulting in the evening.
- Trophic changes in tissues, hyperemia of the skin with consequent change in color to brown or black. Education healing trophic ulcers.
- Healing trophic ulcer.
In addition to those mentioned, there are other options of classification of the disease.
How to treat the disease
Treatment of varicose veins can be carried out in three ways:
- the conservative way;
- with the help of mini-invasive surgery;
- work traditional or endoscopic surgical operations.
In the early stages of varicose veins can be conservative (medication) treatments, specially-prepared, able to improve the tone of the vascular walls. In addition, the patient is advised to wear compensation compression of the sock.
The mini-invasive operative method can be attributed sclerotherapy — the way to vienna, are introduced and the substances that cause the corrosion, which leads to "seal" the wall of the vessel. In this way, varicose veins areas veins sklerosiruta, and are derived from the circulation process.
To minimally invasive techniques can be also attributed to laser coagulation, and radiofrequency coagulation. Both of these methods are based on the treatment of the affected vein laser or radio waves, linked to the fusion of its walls.
Surgical are several options phlebectomies, when varicose areas the veins are removed completely. In some cases, the affected segments of the vascular tie. Carried out those actions may be in the traditional way, with the help of surgical incisions, and more sweet, with the endoscopic instrument.
The choice of treatment methods depends in the first place from the stage and the forms of the disease — the decision to accept phlebologist. Each method has its advantages and disadvantages. Also, none of them can not guarantee the absence of recurrence of the disease.
Advice of folk medicine
Traditional medicine offers recipes, based on the use of natural vegetable components. With these tools, you can slow down the development of the disease, and in some cases get a little improvement. It is worth mentioning that the treatment of folk remedies can be used only as an adjunct to traditional methods.
Infusion of the flowers of the horse chestnut
Pour 50 g of dried flowers of horse chestnut 0,5 l of alcohol, and let stand in a dark place for 2 weeks. The ability of a daily need to shake. Then the infusion, carefully filtered, and drink a tablespoon diluted in a little water, three times per day before meals. The course of treatment — 7 days, after that you need to take a break of two weeks and repeat.
The treatment of the tincture of the seeds of datura
Measure the seeds of datura 100 grams pile, chop (you can do this in a coffee grinder), peresypte in half a liter of capacity and fill up to the brim of quality vodka. Push the mixture must be within 2 weeks, shaking daily content. Treatment should begin with an intake of 15 drops of tincture diluted in half a glass of water every day, increasing the dose to one-two drops, while the number of drops will not reach the 25. Take the medication half an hour before a meal or one hour after him. Treatment, the maximum dose must be made within a month.
In addition, the dye in this same relationship with water, as you take, you can use it for compresses on the areas of varicose veins. For this moisten a cotton cloth in the liquid and attach to the leg. From the top, cover the fabric with plastic wrap and secure the bandage. Better to make a compress for the night.
Please note that datura is a poisonous plant, and must be treated with extreme caution, respecting the dosage. If you feel unwell, immediately reduce the amount of drops of intake of infusions, then the dose does not increase. Poisoning of jimson weed manifests itself as dryness of the mouth, temporary of the senses and, by extension, of the students.
This simple recipe is that the slices of green tomatoes are set in areas of varicose veins. The night compresses to help relieve the inflammation and pain, and with time and reduce the protruding cones.
A teaspoon of nutmeg (no slides), pour a glass of boiling water, add a teaspoon of honey and mix well. Half an hour after the infusion will be ready. His need to take every day half a cup, morning and evening for 20-30 minutes before a meal. In a month it will be possible to hear the result of the treatment.
Nutmeg is also poisonous, therefore, it is necessary to strictly adhere to the specified dosage.
Recommended power supply
The main task, which is located in front of the diet for varicose veins — not to aggravate the situation. Correctly filled out diet will help you to:
- keep under control the body weight;
- avoid the accumulation in the body of "bad"cholesterol;
- strengthen the walls of blood vessels and maintain their elasticity;
- to reduce the viscosity of the blood;
- to reduce the swelling.
The indispensable condition of the diet is the presence of common products necessary complex of vitamins and minerals. The vitamin most important for varicose veins — rutin, or vitamin P, which is included in most of the drugs. The highest content of vitamin P, in the forest of walnuts and chestnuts.
Nutritionists have developed a special diet called a "Colorful diet", which is capable of providing to the patient all the necessary vitamins and trace elements. Principle diet consists in the fact that it must be produced in five colors: red (tomatoes, cherries), orange (oranges, pumpkin), yellow (banana, lemon), green (cucumber, peppers), blue (eggplant, blueberries). You may remember a lot of products that are suitable to this useful "rainbow", including fruit and vegetable juices. This original approach enables you to take account of the needs of a patient suffering from varicose veins.
A particular emphasis is necessary to provide the body with salts of magnesium and of potassium, because without them, the treatment of varicose veins will not be complete. Salts of magnesium and potassium in greater quantities are contained in such products:
- prunes, dried apricots;
- the various types of cabbage (white cabbage, red, brussels sprouts, etc);
- grain bran, cereals (especially buckwheat);
- rosa canina (dog rose, raspberries, currants, blueberries, gooseberries;
- citrus fruits;
- melons, watermelons;
- honey (if no allergies);
- the seeds of the sunflower.
In addition, the body in sufficient quantities of protein needs, so if varicose veins patient is advised to
- meat low-fat varieties;
- vegetable fats;
- the fish of the sea, fruits of the sea.
That eating is not a good idea to:
- meat, broths;
- fat meat;
- preserves, cold meats, pickles;
- spicy foods and salty;
- chocolate, muffin, bakery products;
- carbonated drinks sweetened;
- fast food;
- semi-finished products.
These products contribute to the increase of weight, for the formation of cholesterol plaques on the walls of the blood vessels, the development of edema and ingruit of blood.
Varicose veins on the legs, definitely, is not a fatal disease, but every man should realize that delays in treatment may significantly change the usual lifestyle, and with a negative scenario even lead to disability.