Varicose veins on the legs: causes, symptoms, prevention

Varicose veins on the legs

Heaviness and pain in the legs may indicate circulatory and be the first signs of varicose veins. In this article: varicose veins on the legs, the causes, symptoms, and prevention.

WHO experts and cardiologists have recognized varicose veins, the threat of disease, "shoot first in walk and then in the heart". Life-threatening are the complications of varicose veins: thrombophlebitis, thromboembolism, ulcers, and bleeding.

Women are genetically predisposed to varicose veins, and 3 times more likely to suffer from the disease, compared to men.

Lately, this disease rapidly, "younger", the signs are there, even the students.

varicose veins - it's the price for the person to walk straight, no mammal does not suffer from problems with the veins. Mention of varicose veins there is in the Old Testament. In the manuscripts the byzantines call this disease "the collapsing feet".

A mummy, found during the excavation of the ancient burial place in Egypt were found to have traces of varicose veins and the treatment of trophic ulcers of the foot. Scientists and historians have come to the conclusion that this disease is accompanied humanity throughout its history.

Impetus to the development of varicose veins serve imbalance of elastin and collagen in your body, leading to a loss of elasticity of the venous wall, their thinning and elongation, and also the irregularities of the functioning of the venous valves. The veins and the valves can not cope with the flow of the blood, occurs the reverse flow of blood, and congestion.

Causes of varicose veins

varicose veins
  1. Hereditary predisposition - the main reason for one-third of all patients.

    The risk of varicose veins reaches 70 percent, if one of the parents, grandmothers, great-grandmothers have suffered from varicose veins.

    The inheritance goes, it is not of itself a disease, but a genetically determined the structure of the veins: weak connective tissue of the venous wall, the defects in the defective valves in the veins.

    That's why varicose veins may be observed in young, healthy, and active (regardless of gender) people and also for children.

  2. Change the hormonal balance in the body.

    Puberty, pregnancy, childbirth, menopause, menstruation, natural factors that violate the hormones in the women and they explain their increased vulnerability to diseases of the veins.

    Hormonal cause of varicose veins is becoming increasingly spread. This is due to the large use of hormonal drugs in the treatment of disorders of the metabolism, menopause, contraception , etc.

    Scientists have shown that progesterone (female sex hormone), estrogen and their counterparts destroy the collagen and elastic fibers, which greatly reduces the tone of the walls of the veins.

  3. Inflammatory processes in the pelvic and genital (especially in women) affect the veins and small, lead to hormonal irregularities. As a consequence, reveals a message between venous and arterial vessels, in the veins flows the blood in large quantities and at high pressure. Happens varicose, the valves can not cope with the reverse current of the blood. In direct - varicose veins.

  4. Nervous disorders.

    The elasticity of the walls of the veins adjustable nerve endings. If their operation is changed in periods of stress, depression, neurosis, etc), the tone of the veins is reduced, and the land in the expansion vessels.

  5. Exercise: the home and professional increase the pressure in the veins of the legs.

    The vertical position of the human body creates a natural increase in the blood vessels of the legs the venous pressure. If the static load is excessive pressure in the upright position, improved several times. This happens during weight lifting, pregnancy and childbirth, excessive weight, a duty at the feet on the legs, etc.

    Group at risk are sellers, teachers, hair stylists, couriers, removals, and other.

  6. 6. The sedentary nature of the work or style of life.

    The profession and the passion for computer - the most common causes of varicose veins, according to the doctors.

    With a long session of vienna pinched, the blood circulation is broken. The phlebology in this case, there is a professional term: "computer-varicose veins."

    The muscles of the calf of the leg and foot serve as the "muscle pump", pumping over blood up. If we don't move, the tone of the blood vessels decreases, the venous pressure increases and the blood stagnates.

  7. Weakening of the immune system, illness and accidents.

  8. The genitals.

    In women the disease of the blood vessels are more frequent, due to a genetic predisposition. Men are less exposed to varicose veins, but tend to refer to him more overlooked, that the women and turn to doctor when the disease is literally "collapses with the foot", that is, subsequent and life-threatening stages.

  9. Long constipation, sneezing and coughing lead to an increase in intra-abdominal pressure and the pressure in the veins, stops the functioning of the venous valves.

  10. A flat foot.

  11. Tight shoes, high heel.

  12. The constitution of the body - people high suffer from low.

Flat foot

The symptoms of varicose veins

The first signs of circulatory disturbance:

  • on the surface of the skin is "vascular network" red-blue shades;
  • pain, heaviness, burning feet ("burning"), itching in the legs in the afternoon;
  • numbness, leg cramps at night or in the morning.

In the next step:

  • the skin on the leg shrunk, and the dark, begins to flake off, on it will appear stains;
  • the muscles of the legs - severe pain, aggravated during a walk in the calves;
  • on the shins and feet show through the venous knots protruding on the surface of the skin;
  • when the sensitivity of the fingers area of the veins - a feeling of pain.

Swelling of the legs - serious warning of the body on the progression of varicose veins, the deep veins do not carry out their main function. In this stage, the dangerous complications: thrombophlebitis, thromboembolism, ulcers, and bleeding (may occur from a minimum of impact, and quitting is very difficult).

How dangerous is it to varicose veins

The danger is not in and of itself a disease, and its complication: thrombophlebitis, which occurs when the inflammation of the inner walls of the veins and leads to the appearance of blood clots. Blood clots fill the voids of the veins (phlebothrombosis) or, detached from the wall of the blood vessel, they enter in the lungs (embolism).

These complications represent a threat to life, especially thromboembolism, which often ends with a fatal outcome.

To avoid the deadly threat treatment of varicose veins should begin as soon as possible: with a visit to the phlebologist, and mandatory research blood coagulation.

The prevention of varicose veins and its further development

Walking is better than standing. Feel better, stand up. Be better than sitting. This stereotype of a life-style for those who love themselves and their legs. The muscles of the legs there is a need for force to decline or give them a horizontal position, preferably sublime. The knees must be direct.

Is at risk, if forced to long sitting or standing. For normal circulation are needed regular contractions of the muscles and of the heart.

An active lifestyle: take swimming, cycling. During the walks you will not only walk, but we try to moderate the load on the foot of fast walking.

Physical activity should not be prolonged and excessive.

If you must stand for long periods of time, try to shift from one foot to the other, move the fingers of the feet.

If you are forced to stay long-term:

  • The feet on the desk! Possibly, the shots from the time the foot at the level of the heart, to improve the outflow of blood in lower veins.
  • It would be good to put the feet on the support. This will reduce the venous pressure and perform simple exercises the feet during the session.
  • Do not forget to get up every hour for 10 minutes to stretch the muscles of the body.
  • During the session, raise with force on your toes, this exercise straining muscles of the tibia and directs the flow of blood to the top.

Compression stockings to wear during pregnancy, while flying in a plane, long trips on the means of transport, activities in the gym or the treadmill.

Varicose veins do not love:

Saunas, Turkish baths, solarium
  • Hot and long baths and showers with a temperature of 36,8 degrees and more than 10 minutes.
  • Treatment with hormones (be sure to consult with a phlebologist!).
  • Hormonal contraceptives.
  • Heating procedures.
  • Depilation with the help of wax strips.
  • Saunas, Turkish baths, solarium.
  • High heel 4 cm. If above, the muscles of the calves are not completely reduced, occurs stagnation in the joints.
  • The excess of weight.
  • Alcohol, smoking, overeating.
  • Salty, fatty dishes.
  • Heavy bags (for trips in the store to buy a bag on wheels).
  • Self-medication and the experiments over the health.

Today, medicine has effective and very effective methods of treatment of varicose veins. In the early stages lends itself to full health. Do not run the disease, losing precious time for experiments questionable, contact the phlebologist.

Be in health! Flying gait!