The pharmacological treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins requires careful care. This is due to the fact that the disease is dangerous not unsightly and its consequences in the form of thrombosis or trophic disturbances. Treatment of varicose veins of the veins of the legs honey drug used as combination therapy of the disease. Drugs are widely applicable for the prevention of varicose veins, and also during the preoperative preparation and in the postoperative period. Drugs used in case of illness, are different and have different effects on the human body.

the pharmacological treatment of varicose veins on the legs

When you apply honey medicines

The treatment of varicose veins – problem n ° 1 for those who suffer from this disease. The best therapy of varicose veins – a radical treatment, which is to remove the affected blood vessels of the following methods:

  • flebectomia;
  • miniphlebectomy;
  • laser therapy;
  • the sclerotherapy.

Treatment of varicose veins honey medicines preventive therapy or secondary. If varicose veins has already appeared, medications help to slow its spread or be used as a further prevention of the disease after radical treatment. As a combined treatment, medicines are indispensable.

A group of honey drugs used in the treatment of varicose veins:

  • phlebotonics;
  • venotonics;
  • anticoagulants;
  • non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs honey, drugs;
  • antiplatelet agents;
  • fibrinolytics;
  • antioxidants.

phlebotonics — venotonic funds from varicose veins

phlebotonics – pharmacological group of drugs for the treatment of varicose veins on the legs. The pharmacological action of the drugs aimed at the improvement of the venous outflow by acting on the microcirculatory mainstream. Honey drugs of this group can be applied in the form of tablets, gels, ointments.

phlebotonics apply to:

  • improve the circulation of the blood;
  • improve the lymph;
  • the anti-inflammatory effect;
  • improve the elasticity of blood vessels;
  • blood thinners;
  • prevention of the chronic venous insufficiency;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the period of rehabilitation after the surgical treatment.

Readings in the appointment phlebotonics:

  • varicose veins;
  • venous thrombosis;
  • CVI, or chronic venous insufficiency;
  • phlebopathy;
  • posttromboticeski syndrome.

Contraindications for assignment phlebotonics:

  • diseases of the digestive system in the phase of decompensation;
  • allergic reactions to the components in the honey of the medication;
  • renal failure;
  • chronic diseases of the cardiovascular and renal systems;
  • sharp infectious processes;
  • neoplasms of different localization;
  • limited during pregnancy and lactation.

Venotonics with varicose

Venotonics veins varicose veins of the legs help to normalize hyperemia of the blood vessels, improving the tone of blood vessels. Venotonics can be applied in the form of tablets, ointments, gels, balms, creams.

Indications:

  • varicose veins;
  • chronic venous insufficiency;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the post-operative period;
  • relief of symptoms of the disease in the form of swelling, heaviness in the legs, pain in the lower limbs.
treatment of varicose veins on the legs

The mechanism of action of honey of drugs for the treatment of the foot of this group is based on polyvalent action. During the normal flow of blood, and it occurs an improvement of the outflow of the lymph. The effects are obtained by increasing the vascular tension and reduce the permeability of the walls of the blood vessels.

According to the mechanism of events action Venotonics can be divided into:

  1. Drugs that act on the vascular tone. At the base of this group is the holly berry;
  2. Medications that improve blood circulation. At the base of this group is extract of horse chestnut.

Anticoagulants — sanguinem thinners funds

Widely honey for the treatment of varicose veins the veins of the legs apply anticoagulants or drugs that modify the viscosity of the blood through the oppression of the coagulation.

Distinguish 2 groups of anticoagulants:

  1. The direct action;
  2. Indirect action.

The operating mechanism of the anticoagulant direct action based on the braking, the production of thrombin through inactivation of blood clotting factors and kallikrein. The application of this honey, the group of drugs in the treatment of the foot requires a careful control coagulogram, that allows you to avoid the bleeding.

The working mechanism of indirect anticoagulants based on the inactivation, synthesis of prothrombin. When they are inactivated side of the enzymes, not directly affect thrombin.

Indications for the prescription of anticoagulants:

  • varicose veins;
  • increased risk of thrombosis;
  • concomitant diseases of the cardiovascular system;
  • the presence of heart valve replacement;
  • myocardial infarction;
  • thrombophlebitis of the lower limbs;
  • preoperative preparation;
  • the post-operative period.

Contraindications for the assignment of anticoagulants is:

  • aneurysm intracerebral;
  • gastric or duodenal ulcer;
  • thrombocytopenia;
  • neoplasms of any localization;
  • hypovitaminosis A;
  • leukemia;
  • liver failure and renal failure;
  • arterial or renal failure hypertension;
  • the Crohn's disease.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs honey

In the honey therapy of varicose veins of the veins of the legs, apply non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs honey, drugs.

The mechanism of the treatment is:

  • anti-inflammatione effect on the walls of the affected blood;
  • analgesic action;
  • reduce the swelling of the lower limbs;
  • of the thrombosis.

Antiplatelet agents in the treatment of varicose veins of the veins

Antiplatelet agents for varicose veins are able to exercise in the reduction of platelet aggregation, which leads to a reduction of the risk of formation of blood clots in the veins of the legs and other parts of the body.

In addition, the group of antiplatelet agentibus includes:

  • protivopodagricakih drugs;
  • vasodilators;
  • anti-spasmodic;
  • reopoligljukin, which is a blood substitute.

This therapeutic honey is the group is applied in combination with other drugs such as adjunctive therapy. Characteristic of this group of drugs is the latest at the beginning of the action, which persists for a long period after discontinuation of the drug.

fibrinolytics in varicose veins on the legs

In varicose veins on the legs you apply drugs fibrinolytic. Their mechanism of action is aimed at reducing the risk of venous thrombosis, and also have deleterious effects on the already formed blood clots. As A result of recruitment of fibrinolytic agents is the dissolution of the fibrin clot different location.

Welcome fibrinolytic is indicated for:

  • the period of acute myocardial infarction;
  • PE, or pulmonary embolism;
  • thrombosis of the large arteries;
  • deep venous thrombosis of the lower limbs.

When phenomena outside or inside the purge receiving this group of drugs is contraindicated, as it leads to a massive loss of blood due to the lack of formation of blood clots.

Antioxidants for the treatment of varicose veins

In the treatment of varicose veins of the veins of the legs honey drugs special niche they occupy antioxidants. This group of drugs has vas-confortans action, which allows you to have decongestant and anti-inflammatory effects. Apply the antioxidants in the treatment of varicose vein disease.

The choice of medication for an effective treatment — the task of the doctor. Necessarily to contact a professional for the appointment. Only in this case can be a quick relief from the disease.

The causes of the appearance of varicose veins on the legs

Treatment of varicose veins of the veins of the legs begins with the elimination of the causes and of the factors that may cause the stagnation of blood in the veins.

  1. The people who spend almost the whole day, sitting behind the monitor of a computer or driving a car, very often suffer from varicose veins. A long and systematic work in a sitting position, contributes to the creation of a stagnation of blood in the venous system of the lower limbs, there are symptoms of the tone of the vascular wall and its deformation.
  2. The excess of alcoholic beverages and the tobacco smoke also causes dystonia (violation of the tone of the veins.
  3. Can cause a similar disease excessive exercise or injury of the lower limbs.
  4. It is very important to monitor other organ systems, chronic diseases, related to the violation of the metabolism, affect the elasticity of the vascular wall.
  5. If the patient suffers from obesity, disorders in the work group valve of the veins explained stagnation of blood in the lower limbs due to an increase in pressure in the abdominal cavity and obstacles to the flow of the blood. Accordingly, the correct balanced diet is important.
  6. Scientists have noticed that there is a genetic predisposition to the emergence and development of varicose veins. In this way, even if the patient leads a healthy lifestyle, to properly feed and check its health status, is not immune from the emergence of this disease.
  7. Frequent and prolonged wearing of high heeled shoes contributes to the fact that the blood stagnates in the blood vessels located in the muscles of the tibia and causes the deformation of the veins. Also plays an important role wearing clothes a couple of sizes less than expected.

Chronic venous insufficiency, often becomes the cause of development of varicose veins. It is very important to mark the alarm after the frequent manifestations of specific symptoms.

26.12.2018